Gary R. Coulton

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An important corollary to the recent advances in our understanding of the primary cause of Duchenne muscular dystrophy, is the validation of genuine genetic homologues as animal models of the disease in which potential therapies can be tested. The persistent skeletal muscle necrosis that characterizes human Duchenne muscular dystrophy is also seen in the(More)
Mechanically induced hypertrophy of skeletal muscles involves shifts in gene expression leading to increases in the synthesis of specific proteins. Full characterization of the regulation of muscle hypertrophy is a prerequisite for the development of novel therapies aimed at treating muscle wasting (atrophy) in human aging and disease. Using suppression(More)
Skeletal muscle has been examined in a colony of the mdx strain of myopathic mice. Sixty-five mice from 22 to 303 days of age, showed extensive and recurrent areas of necrosis and regeneration of muscle fibres, often accompanied by active cellular infiltration. Morphometry of the soleus muscle revealed an abnormal proportion of small and large muscle(More)
A problem with the use of muscle grafting as a therapeutic procedure is to produce a graft functionally adequate to replace a muscle of complex architecture, such as a sphincter muscle. We thought it might be possible to use dead cadaver muscles, repopulated by the patient's own muscle precursor cells (mpc), to reconstruct muscles whose anatomy would be(More)
mdx is an X-linked muscular dystrophy mutant of the mouse and a putative homolog of the human X-linked muscular dystrophy locus--Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Utilizing a C57BL/10/Mus Spretus interspecific cross in which the mdx mutation was segregating, we have constructed a detailed genetic map around the mdx locus on the mouse X chromosome. We were(More)
This pilot study examines the feasibility of nipple aspiration to distinguish women with breast cancer from healthy women using surface-enhanced laser desorption ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF/MS). Nipple aspiration fluid (NAF) was collected from each breast in 21 women newly diagnosed with unilateral breast cancer and 44 healthy(More)
Parietal cells in the luminal segments of mouse gastric glands show high activity of acid-secreting potassium-dependent adenosine triphosphatase (H+, K+-ATPase) and of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-linked isocitrate dehydrogenase (NAD-ICDHase) and malate dehydrogenase (MDHase) but low activity of succinate dehydrogenase (SDHase). This pattern of(More)
We describe a new neuromuscular disorder in the kyphoscoliotic mouse mutant (ky). Mice were killed at ages from birth to 210 days, and tissues were taken for standard light microscopy, histochemistry, nerve ending studies, and electron microscopy. At birth a few myofibers showed phagocytosis ultrastructurally. Between 6 and 25 days there was prominent(More)
The contractile properties of soleus muscles from mdx and control mice aged between 26 and 350 days were compared with those of muscles from similarly aged control mice. Mdx mice were in general heavier (their individual soleus muscles were also heavier), of greater cross-sectional area and greater standard length than age-matched controls. Isometric forces(More)
Efficient muscle regeneration requires cross talk between multiple cell types via secreted signaling molecules. However, as yet there has been no comprehensive analysis of this secreted signaling network in order to understand how it regulates myogenesis in humans. Using integrated proteomic and genomic strategies, we show that human muscle cells release(More)