Gary P. Creissen

Learn More
Land plants are sessile and have developed sophisticated mechanisms that allow for both immediate and acclimatory responses to changing environments. Partial exposure of low light-adapted Arabidopsis plants to excess light results in a systemic acclimation to excess excitation energy and consequent photooxidative stress in unexposed leaves. Thus, plants(More)
Exposure of Arabidopsis plants that were maintained under low light (200 mumol of photons m-2 sec-1) to excess light (2000 mumol of photons m-2 sec-1) for 1 hr caused reversible photoinhibition of photosynthesis. Measurements of photosynthetic parameters and the use of electron transport inhibitors indicated that a novel signal transduction pathway was(More)
The mutant regulator of APX2 1-1 (rax1-1) was identified in Arabidopsis thaliana that constitutively expressed normally photooxidative stress-inducible ASCORBATE PEROXIDASE2 (APX2) and had >/=50% lowered foliar glutathione levels. Mapping revealed that rax1-1 is an allele of gamma-GLUTAMYLCYSTEINE SYNTHETASE 1 (GSH1), which encodes chloroplastic(More)
Gary Creissen, a,1 John Firmin, a Michael Fryer, b Baldeep Kular, a Nicola Leyland, a Helen Reynolds, a Gabriela Pastori, a Florence Wellburn, c Neil Baker, b Alan Wellburn, c,2 and Philip Mullineaux a a John Innes Centre, Norwich Research Park, Colney, Norwich NR4 7UH, United Kingdom b Department of Biological and Chemical Sciences, University of Essex,(More)
Analysis of the oxidative processes taking place during fruit ripening in a salad tomato variety (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. cv. Ailsa Craig) revealed changes in oxidative and antioxidative parameters. Hydrogen peroxide content, lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation were measured as indices of oxidative processes and all were found to increase at the(More)
N-terminal presequences from cDNAs encoding mitochondrion- or chloroplast-specific proteins are able, with variable efficiencies, to target preproteins to their respective organelles. In the few cases studied in which a nuclear-encoded protein is found in both these organelles, each compartment-specific isoform is encoded by a separate gene. Glutathione(More)
When low-light-grown Arabidopsis rosettes are partially exposed to excess light (EL), the unexposed leaves become acclimated to excess excitation energy (EEE) and consequent photo-oxidative stress. This phenomenon, termed systemic acquired acclimation (SAA), is associated with redox changes in the proximity of photosystem II, changes in foliar H2O2 content(More)
We have isolated 4 cDNA clones (GRT1-4) encoding glutathione reductase (GR) from a tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) leaf cDNA library. The cDNAs were almost identical: GRT1, GRT3 and GRT4 represented the same gene, differing only in that GRT4 contained an intron within the C-terminal part of the coding sequence. Failure to splice out this intron resulted in a(More)
Most plant-microbe interactions do not result in disease; natural products restrict non-host pathogens. We found that sulforaphane (4-methylsulfinylbutyl isothiocyanate), a natural product derived from aliphatic glucosinolates, inhibits growth in Arabidopsis of non-host Pseudomonas bacteria in planta. Multiple sax genes (saxCAB/F/D/G) were identified in(More)
A cDNA for pea glutathione reductase has been cloned and sequenced. The derived amino acid sequence of 562 residues shows a high degree of homology to the previously published GR sequences from human erythrocytes and from two prokaryotes: Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The pea enzyme differs from other GRs in having an N-terminal leader(More)