Gary P. Anderson

Learn More
The protection of cells in the upper intestine against digestion by pancreatic trypsin depends on the prostanoid prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and is mediated by protease-activated receptors in the epithelium. As the airway epithelium is morphologically similar and also expresses one of these receptors, PAR2, and is a major source of PGE2, we reasoned that(More)
Cigarette smoke exposure is a major determinant of adverse lung health, but the molecular processes underlying its effects on inflammation and immunity remain poorly understood. Therefore, we sought to understand whether inflammatory and host defense determinants are affected during subchronic cigarette smoke exposure. Dose-response and time course studies(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the potency and efficacy (intrinsic activity) of formoterol and salmeterol and their duration of action in comparison with other beta-adrenoceptor agonists in isolated human bronchi. Human bronchi were obtained at thoracotomy from patients with lung cancer. Potency (-log of the concentration of drug inducing 50%(More)
Clinical asthma is very widely assumed to be the net result of excessive inflammation driven by aberrant T-helper-2 (Th2) immunity that leads to inflamed, remodelled airways and then functional derangement that, in turn, causes symptoms. This notion of disease is actually poorly supported by data, and there are substantial discrepancies and very poor(More)
The extended duration of bronchodilation due to formoterol and salmeterol greatly exceeds that of short acting beta 2-adrenoceptor agonists, such as salbutamol or terbutaline. This extended duration and their capacity to "reassert" airway smooth muscle relaxation in vitro despite repeated washing has prompted considerable debate on the underlying(More)
A complex and multilayered immune defence system protects the host against harmful agents and maintains tissue homeostasis. Cigarette smoke exposure markedly impacts the immune system, compromising the host's ability to mount appropriate immune and inflammatory responses and contributing to smoking-related pathologies. These adverse effects on the immune(More)
Respiratory viruses are associated with severe acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in hospitalized patients. However, exacerbations are increasingly managed in the community, where the role of viruses is unclear. In community exacerbations, the causal association between viruses and exacerbation maybe confounded by random(More)
To identify the physiological role of Hck, a functionally redundant member of the Src family of tyrosine kinases expressed in myelomonocytic cells, we generated Hck(F/F) "knock-in" mice which carry a targeted tyrosine (Y) to phenylalanine (F) substitution of the COOH-terminal, negative regulatory Y(499)-residue in the Hck protein. Unlike their Hck(-/-)(More)
Aerosol antigen challenge of ovalbumin-sensitized mice induced an eosinophilic airway inflammation that was dependent on interleukin (IL)-5 and CD4+, but not CD8+, T lymphocytes. The involvement of the Th2 phenotype of CD4+ T cells was supported by demonstrating that FACS-sorted purified lung T cells from sensitized, but not control, mice produced IL-4,(More)
It is now established that an excessive and sustained mobilisation of neutrophils is a hallmark of several chronic inflammatory lung disorders, including severe obstructive lung disease. This article reviews evidence that the cytokine interleukin (IL)-17A is a major orchestrator of sustained neutrophilic mobilisation. Current evidence suggests that IL-17A(More)