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CONTEXT Human neurodevelopmental consequences of exposure to methyl-mercury (MeHg) from eating fish remain a question of public health concern. OBJECTIVE To study the association between MeHg exposure and the developmental outcomes of children in the Republic of Seychelles at 66 months of age. DESIGN A prospective longitudinal cohort study. (More)
INTRODUCTION Exposure to methylmercury (MeHg) before birth can adversely affect children's neurodevelopment. The most common form of prenatal exposure is maternal fish consumption, but whether such exposure harms the fetus is unknown. We aimed to identify adverse neurodevelopmental effects in a fish-consuming population. METHODS We investigated 779(More)
Pregnant women consumed bread that was prepared from methylmercury-treated wheat. Single strands of maternal head hair were analyzed by x-ray fluorescence spectrometry. The index of fetal exposure was the maximum hair mercury concentration during gestation. Effects were measured by the frequency of psychomotor retardation, seizures, and neurological signs(More)
The concentration of total mercury in maternal hair during pregnancy was used as a measure of fetal exposure to methylmercury in a study of a fish-eating population in the Seychelles islands. A segment of scalp hair approximately 10 centimeters in length, that grew during pregnancy, was selected for measurement. Total and inorganic mercury were measured by(More)
Thirty-four patients with congenital cytomegalovirus infection who were symptomatic as newborns were followed in a special clinic providing periodic medical and visual examinations as well as psychometric testing and audiometry. All patients had symptoms of congenital infection by 2 weeks of age, and 31 of 34 had virus isolated from urine within the first(More)
Methylmercury (MeHg) is a human neurotoxin to which the developing fetal brain is especially sensitive. The lowest dose of MeHg that impairs neurodevelopment in the human fetus is not known. The Seychelles Child Development Study (SCDS) is testing the hypothesis that fetal MeHg exposure from a maternal diet high in oceanic fish is related to child(More)
Research at the University of Rochester (U of R) has been focused on mercury for nearly half a century. Initially studies focused on dosimetry, especially the accuracy of measuring exposure, and experimental work with animal models. Clinical studies in human populations started when the U of R mercury group was asked to assist with dosimetry in the Iraq(More)
Autopsy brains were obtained from infants dying from a variety of causes within a few days of birth in a population exposed to methylmercury in fish. Infant and maternal blood and hair samples were also obtained. The concentration of total mercury in 6 major brain regions were highly correlated with maternal hair levels. This correlation was confirmed by a(More)
The Seychelles Child Development Study is examining the association between fetal methylmercury exposure from a maternal diet high in fish and subsequent child development. The study is double blind and uses maternal hair mercury as the index of fetal exposure. An initial cross-sectional pilot study of 804 infants aged 1 to 25 months suggested that mercury(More)