Gary M. Carter

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—We investigate the polarization evolution for both signal and noise in two 107-km recirculating loops with polarization dependent loss per round-trip of 0.35 dB and less than 0.1 dB, respectively. When the system is optimized, in the first case, both signal and noise are polarized, while in the second case, the signal tends to depolarize due to the noise.(More)
—Due to the temporal drift of the fiber birefringence in an optical fiber transmission system, the polarization mode dispersion (PMD) effects measured in a time window can be quite different for different time windows of the same duration. Every 10 s for 10 days, the accumulated differential group delay (DGD) was repeatedly measured at 5000 km in a 107-km(More)
—The authors describe the design and performance of an ultrafast optical clock recovery system that is based on two-photon absorption (TPA) in a silicon avalanche photodi-ode. Unlike many other optical clock recovery techniques, the system is shown to be polarization insensitive, broadband, low jitter, and scalable to high data rates. Moreover, the system(More)
We have measured the timing jitter for dispersion-managed solitons in a recirculating loop for distances up to 20,000 km. The data were obtained with modulated data, 2(7) - 1 and 2(23) - 1 pseudorandom binary sequence patterns, at 10-Gbit/s rates and with an unmodulated pulse train at 10 GHz. We have obtained good agreement with our data, using a filtered(More)
—The authors have derived a receiver model that provides an explicit relationship between the factor and the optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) in optical fiber communication systems for arbitrary pulse shapes, realistic receiver filters, and arbitrarily polarized noise. It is shown how the system performance depends on both the degree of polarization of(More)
—We present a comparison between experiment and simulation of a 40-Gb/s periodically stationary dispersion-managed soliton (DMS) system in a recirculating loop. We find that we can propagate an error-free signal over 6400 km at 40 Gb/s and over 12 000 km if we lower the data rate to 10 Gb/s, keeping all other parameters constant. A careful analysis of the(More)
We investigate both numerically and experimentally soliton propagation in a fiber loop with dispersion management, in-line filters, and frequency shifting. More than 90% of the fiber in the loop is in the normal-dispersion regime, but the net dispersion is anomalous. Stable pulses in the loop have an enhanced power relative to solitons in a fiber with(More)
—Using a recirculating loop, we measured nonlinearly induced timing jitter in a terrestrial wavelength-division-multi-plexed system at different transmission distances with different amounts of precompensation. Within each 600-GHz subband, we achieved error-free transmission using the same amount of precompensation for all channels at all distances up to(More)
Recent experiments have demonstrated that the bit-error rate of an optical fiber communication system can vary widely due to the random nature of the polarization effects in the system. Using a newly developed receiver model, we show that the bit-error rate depends not only on the optical signal-to-noise ratio but also on the polarization states of the(More)
Optoelectronic oscillators (OEOs) are hybrid RF-photonic devices that promise to be environmentally robust high-frequency RF sources with very low phase noise. Previously, we showed that Rayleigh-scattering-induced noise in optical fibers coupled with amplitude-to-phase noise conversion in photodetectors and amplifiers leads to fiber-length-dependent noise(More)