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To facilitate the use of biological outcome modeling for treatment planning, an exponential function is introduced as a simpler equivalent to the Lyman formula for calculating normal tissue complication probability (NTCP). The single parameter of the exponential function is chosen to reproduce the Lyman calculation to within approximately 0.3%, and thus(More)
During a 21-year period, 66 patients with uterine sarcomas were treated at California Medical Center. Histological diagnoses were mixed mesodermal sarcoma in 32 patients (48%), leiomyosarcoma in 24 (36%), and endometrial stromal sarcoma in 10 (15%) patients. The majority of patients (73%) had Stage I tumors. The treatment consisted of surgery alone in 27(More)
BACKGROUND The role of stereotactic radiosurgery in the treatment of benign intracranial lesions is well established. Although a growing body of evidence supports its role in the treatment of malignant spinal lesions, a much less extensive dataset exists for treatment of benign spinal tumors. OBJECTIVE To examine the safety and efficacy of stereotactic(More)
PURPOSE To determine how chemotherapy agents affect radiation dose parameters that correlate with acute hematologic toxicity (HT) in patients treated with pelvic intensity modulated radiation therapy (P-IMRT) and concurrent chemotherapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS We assessed HT in 141 patients who received P-IMRT for anal, gynecologic, rectal, or prostate(More)
OBJECTIVE Although the mainstays for treatment of metastatic brain disease have been surgery and/or external beam radiation therapy, an increasing number of patients are being referred for stereotactic radiosurgery as the primary intervention for their intracranial pathological abnormalities. The lack of efficacy and cognitive and behavioral consequences of(More)
Methods of stereotactic radiosurgery are reviewed and compared with respect to technical factors and published clinical results. Heavy-ion beams, the Leksell cobalt-60 gamma knife, and the conventional linear accelerator (linac) are compared with respect to dosimetry, radiobiology, treatment planning, cost, staffing requirements, and ease of use. Clinical(More)
Radiation-induced tissue damage in the central nervous system is a well-known complication of interstitial brachytherapy for brain tumors, yet imaging correlates have historically been based upon computed tomographic scans. We now present magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to correlate radiation changes after interstitial brachytherapy with the(More)
This is an analysis of treatment results over a 23-year period in 241 patients with carcinoma of the esophagus. The treatment for unresectable patients was external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) alone (mean dose 55 Gy) in 137 (57%) combined with brachytherapy (mean dose 50 + 40 Gy) in 46 (19%), and chemotherapy alone in 3 (1%) patients. In the 55 resectable(More)
During a period of over 20 years, 896 patients were treated with radiation in Wadsworth Medical Center, Los Angeles, for carcinoma of the lip and selected sites of skin of the head and neck. Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) was found in 467 (52%) patients, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in 362 (40%), and the remaining 67 (8%) had tumors with mixed basal and(More)