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OBJECTIVE Although the mainstays for treatment of metastatic brain disease have been surgery and/or external beam radiation therapy, an increasing number of patients are being referred for stereotactic radiosurgery as the primary intervention for their intracranial pathological abnormalities. The lack of efficacy and cognitive and behavioral consequences of(More)
Radiation therapy has gone through a series of revolutions in the last few decades and it is now possible to produce highly conformal radiation dose distribution by using techniques such as intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). The improved dose conformity and steep dose gradients have necessitated enhanced patient localization and beam targeting(More)
A special acrylic phantom designed for both magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) was used to assess the geometric accuracy of MRI-based stereotactic localization with the Leksell stereotactic head frame and localizer system. The acrylic phantom was constructed in the shape of a cube, 164 mm in each dimension, with three(More)
Methods of stereotactic radiosurgery are reviewed and compared with respect to technical factors and published clinical results. Heavy-ion beams, the Leksell cobalt-60 gamma knife, and the conventional linear accelerator (linac) are compared with respect to dosimetry, radiobiology, treatment planning, cost, staffing requirements, and ease of use. Clinical(More)
The local use of radionuclides in the management of neoplastic processes was initially considered over 80 yr ago and has enjoyed increasing enthusiasm in the treatment of somatic and central nervous system tumours during the past 30 yr. The marriage of complex neuroimaging techniques and modern stereotactic devices has markedly enhanced the technical(More)
BACKGROUND The role of stereotactic radiosurgery in the treatment of benign intracranial lesions is well established. Although a growing body of evidence supports its role in the treatment of malignant spinal lesions, a much less extensive dataset exists for treatment of benign spinal tumors. OBJECTIVE To examine the safety and efficacy of stereotactic(More)
Radiation-induced tissue damage in the central nervous system is a well-known complication of interstitial brachytherapy for brain tumors, yet imaging correlates have historically been based upon computed tomographic scans. We now present magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to correlate radiation changes after interstitial brachytherapy with the(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine extracranial doses in patients undergoing gamma knife radiosurgery and identify component sources of the extracranial doses using phantom measurements. METHODS The lateral canthi, thyroid, sternum, and midpelvis region were monitored in 104 unselected patients during their gamma knife treatments using thermoluminescent dosimetry.(More)
The purpose of this study is to assess fidelity of radiation delivery between high and low dose rates of the flattening filter free (FFF) modes of a new all-digital design medical linear accelerator (Varian TrueBeam™), particularly for plans optimized for volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT). Measurements were made for the two energies of flattening(More)