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What are the consequences of calling things by their names? Six experiments investigated how classifying familiar objects with basic-level names (chairs, tables, and lamps) affected recognition memory. Memory was found to be worse for items that were overtly classified with the category name--as reflected by lower hit rates--compared with items that were(More)
How does language impact cognition and perception? A growing number of studies show that language, and specifically the practice of labeling, can exert extremely rapid and pervasive effects on putatively non-verbal processes such as categorization, visual discrimination, and even simply detecting the presence of a stimulus. Progress on the empirical front,(More)
In addition to having communicative functions, verbal labels may play a role in shaping concepts. Two experiments assessed whether the presence of labels affected category formation. Subjects learned to categorize "aliens" as those to be approached or those to be avoided. After accuracy feedback on each response was provided, a nonsense label was either(More)
Linguistic labels (e.g., "chair") seem to activate visual properties of the objects to which they refer. Here we investigated whether language-based activation of visual representations can affect the ability to simply detect the presence of an object. We used continuous flash suppression to suppress visual awareness of familiar objects while they were(More)
storage and circadian rhythms. Memory and learning have been studied in squirrels that cache their food, sometimes not returning until the next year. Singing mice provide a new model for studying speech and learning. Studies of wild rodents will undoubtedly give us a window into the genetics underlying phenotypic variation, further promoted by genome(More)
Received (received date) Revised (revised date) Human language is unparalleled in both its expressive capacity and its diversity. What accounts for the enormous diversity of human languages [13]? Recent evidence suggests that the structure of languages may be shaped by the social and demographic environment in which the languages are learned and used. In an(More)
sequence of letters by thinking of a sentence containing words that begin with those letters, or learning to tie a knot by thinking of a rabbit going in and out of a hole), and (2) explicit verbal mediation, i.e., " thinking in words. " Indeed, this intro-spection of thinking in words is often so strong that it leads researchers to conflate that feeling of(More)
Do conceptual categories affect basic visual processing? A conceptual grouping effect for familiar stimuli is reported using a visual search paradigm. Search through conceptually-homogeneous non-targets was faster and more efficient than search through conceptually-heterogeneous non-targets. This effect cannot be attributed to perceptual factors and is not(More)