Gary L. Sanford

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Cyclooxygenase (COX) is the rate-limiting enzyme that catalyzes the formation of prostaglandins. The inducible isoform of COX (COX-2) is highly expressed in aggressive metastatic breast cancers and may play a critical role in cancer progression (i.e. growth and metastasis). However, the exact mechanism(s) for COX-2-enhanced metastasis has yet to be clearly(More)
Galaptins are small, soluble, lectins with a specificity for beta-galactose residues. Many galaptins are inactivated by atmospheric oxygen and are protected by disulphide-reducing reagents. We find that each subunit of rat lung galaptin contains one residue of tryptophan and six of cysteine. Oxygen inactivates rat lung galaptin by oxidation of the cysteine(More)
Dietary salt is a contributing factor to the development of hypertension in individuals who are salt-sensitive. The vitamin D endocrine system has been reported to modulate vascular structure and function. Since elderly hypertensive females with low plasma renin activity, typical of salt-sensitivity, had significantly lower 25-hydroxyvitamin D(More)
An investigation was conducted to assess the effects of various beta-galactoside specific lectins on the growth of vascular cells in vitro. The plant lectins from peanut (Arachis hypogaea), mushroom (Agaricus bisporus), and coral tree (Erythrina corallodendron) were used in these studies with the ultimate purpose of comparing those findings with data(More)
Despite recent advances in both prevention and treatment, cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of mortality in the US. The Framingham Study was a landmark in defining CHD-related risk factors; unfortunately, very few minorities were included. A major preventable risk factor for CHD continues to be lipid abnormalities, but its association(More)
We characterized bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC) continuously cultured in the rotating wall vessel (RWV) bioreactor for up to 30 d. Cultures grew as large tissue-like aggregates (containing 20 or more beads) after 30 d. These cultures appeared to be growing in multilayers around the aggregates, where single beads were covered with confluent BAEC,(More)
BACKGROUND Neovascularization (angiogenesis) is a multistep process, controlled by opposing regulatory factors, which plays a crucial role in several ocular diseases. It often results in vitreous hemorrhage, retinal detachment, neovascularization glaucoma and subsequent vision loss. Hypoxia is considered to be one of the key factors to trigger angiogenesis(More)
Low density lipoproteins (LDL) are thought to play a major role in cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis. Much remains to be done to understand the cellular effects of LDL and how the extracellular matrix (ECM) influences these effects. We found that LDL produced a dose dependent increase in vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation. The ECM(More)
This study examined the regulation of the activity and synthesis of lung beta-galactoside specific lectin (galaptin) by dexamethasone (Dex). The effect of Dex was different depending on the postnatal period administered. Dex decreased galaptin activity and synthesis when administered daily during the "critical period" of alveolarization (postnatal days(More)
Gravity and other physical forces (e.g., shear stress or mechanical stretch) will affect organ and cellular function, e.g., blood flow distribution, gas exchange, alveolar size and mechanical stresses within the lung. Microgravity produced marked alterations in lung blood flow and ventilation distribution while hypergravity exaggerated the regional(More)