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Mitochondria are abnormal in persons with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) for unknown reasons. We explored whether aberration of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) could play a role in this by transferring mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from ALS subjects to mtDNA-depleted human neuroblastoma cells. Resulting ALS cytoplasmic hybrids (cybrids) exhibited abnormal(More)
Oxidative abnormalities have been identified both in familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS) and the more prevalent sporadic ALS (SALS). Mitochondria dysfunction and toxic free radicals may play a role in this disease process, although the exact pathogenesis of both forms of ALS remains unknown. 2,3-DHBA is a hydroxylated salicylate by product that(More)
Bulbar motor deterioration due to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) leads to the eventual impairment of speech and swallowing functions. Despite these devastating consequences, no standardized diagnostic procedure for assessing bulbar dysfunction in ALS exists and adequate objective markers of bulbar deterioration have not been identified. In this paper,(More)
UNLABELLED The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among speech intelligibility and communication effectiveness as rated by speakers and their listeners. Participants completed procedures to measure (a) speech intelligibility, (b) self-perceptions of communication effectiveness, and (c) listener (spouse or family member) perceptions of(More)
The purpose of this project is to identify characteristics that may be of assistance in establishing the diagnosis and monitoring early progression of bulbar dysfunction in patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). Early identification of bulbar dysfunction would assist in clinical trials and management decisions. A database of 218 clinic visits of(More)
A model of the 40 Hz auditory event-related potential (40 Hz AERP) was developed and evaluated in a group of normal subjects and two patient groups. The model views the 40 Hz AERP as a combination of the brain-stem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) and a sinusoidal component presumed to arise from structures rostral to the brain-stem. Fourier analysis(More)
Neurodegeneration in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is characterized by the specific loss of central and peripheral motor neurons. While this pattern of neuronal demise gives rise to a distinct clinical syndrome, at the cellular and molecular level ALS pathology is similar to that seen in other neurodegenerative diseases. In particular, mitochondrial(More)
UNLABELLED The goal of this study was to investigate the deterioration of lip and jaw movements during speech longitudinally in three individuals diagnosed with bulbar amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The study was motivated by the need to understand the relationship between physiologic changes in speech movements and clinical measures of speech(More)