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The purpose of this project is to identify characteristics that may be of assistance in establishing the diagnosis and monitoring early progression of bulbar dysfunction in patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). Early identification of bulbar dysfunction would assist in clinical trials and management decisions. A database of 218 clinic visits of(More)
Mitochondria are abnormal in persons with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) for unknown reasons. We explored whether aberration of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) could play a role in this by transferring mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from ALS subjects to mtDNA-depleted human neuroblastoma cells. Resulting ALS cytoplasmic hybrids (cybrids) exhibited abnormal(More)
A model of the 40 Hz auditory event-related potential (40 Hz AERP) was developed and evaluated in a group of normal subjects and two patient groups. The model views the 40 Hz AERP as a combination of the brain-stem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) and a sinusoidal component presumed to arise from structures rostral to the brain-stem. Fourier analysis(More)
UNLABELLED The goal of this study was to investigate the deterioration of lip and jaw movements during speech longitudinally in three individuals diagnosed with bulbar amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The study was motivated by the need to understand the relationship between physiologic changes in speech movements and clinical measures of speech(More)
R+ pramipexole (PPX) is a lipophilic cation that concentrates into brain and mitochondria and efficiently scavenges reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS). Under the auspices of a Physician-Sponsor IND, R+PPX was dosed to small numbers of ALS patients for tolerability and safety while efficacy measures were also collected. The purpose of this paper is(More)
UNLABELLED The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among speech intelligibility and communication effectiveness as rated by speakers and their listeners. Participants completed procedures to measure (a) speech intelligibility, (b) self-perceptions of communication effectiveness, and (c) listener (spouse or family member) perceptions of(More)
Oxidative abnormalities have been identified both in familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS) and the more prevalent sporadic ALS (SALS). Mitochondria dysfunction and toxic free radicals may play a role in this disease process, although the exact pathogenesis of both forms of ALS remains unknown. 2,3-DHBA is a hydroxylated salicylate by product that(More)
Bulbar motor deterioration due to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) leads to the eventual impairment of speech and swallowing functions. Despite these devastating consequences, no standardized diagnostic procedure for assessing bulbar dysfunction in ALS exists and adequate objective markers of bulbar deterioration have not been identified. In this paper,(More)
Improved methods for assessing bulbar impairment are necessary for expediting diagnosis of bulbar dysfunction in ALS, for predicting disease progression across speech subsystems, and for addressing the critical need for sensitive outcome measures for ongoing experimental treatment trials. To address this need, we are obtaining longitudinal profiles of(More)