Learn More
Unidirectional, ouabain-insensitive K+ influx rose steeply with warming at temperatures above 37 degreesC in guinea pig erythrocytes incubated in isotonic medium. The only component of ouabain-insensitive K+ influx to show the same steep rise was K-Cl cotransport (Q10 of 10 between 37 and 41 degrees C); Na-K-Cl cotransport remained constant or declined and(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a clinical practice guideline for red blood cell transfusion in adult trauma and critical care. DESIGN Meetings, teleconferences and electronic-based communication to achieve grading of the published evidence, discussion and consensus among the entire committee members. METHODS This practice management guideline was developed by a(More)
BACKGROUND Recurrent arterial thrombosis and venous thrombosis are frequent complications of the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). Patients produce anti-cardiolipin antibodies, but the role of these antibodies in thrombus formation is uncertain. This study used a unique CD-1 mouse model of thrombosis to determine whether anti-cardiolipin and anti-beta 2(More)
BACKGROUND Antiphospholipid (aPL) antibodies are associated with thrombosis in patients diagnosed with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) and enhance thrombus formation in vivo in mice, but the mechanism of thrombosis by aPL is not completely understood. Although aPL antibodies have been shown to inhibit protein C activation and activate endothelial cells(More)
Fifteen organic phosphate pesticides were tested by computer tracking for their acute behavioral toxicity with the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Thirteen of these 15 chemicals are used as insecticides and are anticholesterase agents. The other two chemicals are used as herbicides. EC50 values for each chemical were compared to the corresponding LD50(More)
Reperfusion of ischemic tissue is associated with tissue injury greater than that resulting from ischemia alone. C activation has been hypothesized to mediate the so-called ischemia/reperfusion injury through both membrane attack and C5a-dependent recruitment of neutrophils to sites of C3 fixation on the endothelium via C3 receptors. Adherence of(More)
In free flap/replantation surgery, failure is usually associated with thrombotic occlusion of a microvascular anastomosis (risk zone I) or, on occasion, flow impairment in the microcirculation of the transferred or replanted tissue (risk zone II). The objective of this study is to describe the effect of low dose aspirin on blood flow at both risk zones in(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have demonstrated that human monoclonal and polyclonal anticardiolipin antibodies have thrombogenic properties in vivo. Using such a model in which these antibodies have been shown to increase both the size of an induced thrombus and the duration of time in which such a clot lasts, we investigated whether hydroxychloroquine(More)
In recent studies we demonstrated that platelet emboli induced by arterial injury impair the microcirculation. The present study was performed to determine if heparin or dietary cod liver oil reduces the incidence of emboli following the same arterial injury and, in turn, whether these agents prevent the associated decrease in microcirculatory blood flow.(More)
Following completion of arterial repair in an experimental free-flap model, platelet emboli have been observed passing through the microcirculation downstream. The purpose of this experimental study was to observe and quantitate changes in capillary perfusion occurring subsequent to these events. The isolated rat cremaster model was used. For 6 hours(More)