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BACKGROUND Noni (Morinda citrifolia) juice has demonstrated antioxidant activity in vitro and in vivo. To evaluate this activity in humans, noni juice from Tahiti (TNJ) was evaluated in a 30 day, double-blind, and placebo controlled clinical trial with 285 current heavy smokers. Research participants were randomly assigned to three daily treatment groups:(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a clinical practice guideline for red blood cell transfusion in adult trauma and critical care. DESIGN Meetings, teleconferences and electronic-based communication to achieve grading of the published evidence, discussion and consensus among the entire committee members. METHODS This practice management guideline was developed by a(More)
Morinda citrifolia L (Noni) has been used in folk remedies by Polynesians for over 2000 years, and is reported to have a broad range of therapeutic effects, including antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, antitumor, antihelmin, analgesic, hypotensive, anti-inflammatory, and immune enhancing effects. In order to reveal the nutritional and medicinal value of(More)
High levels of IgG antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) have been associated with clinical thrombosis. It is uncertain however whether these antibodies play a direct role in thrombosis or are merely epiphenomena. To investigate whether antiphospholipid antibodies might play a role in thrombosis, we utilized a novel mouse model in which the dynamics of in vivo(More)
The role of the cloaca and lower intestine in the postrenal modification of urine was studied in conscious normally hydrated desert quail. The birds were studied for a period of 12 days during which they were in intake-output balance. It was calculated that of the combined mixture of urine-feces entering the lower intestine, 47% water, 62% sodium, and 49%(More)
Unidirectional, ouabain-insensitive K+ influx rose steeply with warming at temperatures above 37 degreesC in guinea pig erythrocytes incubated in isotonic medium. The only component of ouabain-insensitive K+ influx to show the same steep rise was K-Cl cotransport (Q10 of 10 between 37 and 41 degrees C); Na-K-Cl cotransport remained constant or declined and(More)
BACKGROUND Antiphospholipid (aPL) antibodies are associated with thrombosis in patients diagnosed with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) and enhance thrombus formation in vivo in mice, but the mechanism of thrombosis by aPL is not completely understood. Although aPL antibodies have been shown to inhibit protein C activation and activate endothelial cells(More)
BACKGROUND Recurrent arterial thrombosis and venous thrombosis are frequent complications of the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). Patients produce anti-cardiolipin antibodies, but the role of these antibodies in thrombus formation is uncertain. This study used a unique CD-1 mouse model of thrombosis to determine whether anti-cardiolipin and anti-beta 2(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have demonstrated that human monoclonal and polyclonal anticardiolipin antibodies have thrombogenic properties in vivo. Using such a model in which these antibodies have been shown to increase both the size of an induced thrombus and the duration of time in which such a clot lasts, we investigated whether hydroxychloroquine(More)