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BACKGROUND Telephone services that offer smoking-cessation counseling (quitlines) have proliferated in recent years, encouraged by positive results of clinical trials. The question remains, however, whether those results can be translated into real-world effectiveness. METHODS We embedded a randomized, controlled trial into the ongoing service of the(More)
Quitlines providing telephone counseling for smoking cessation derive from behavioral research and theory, have been shown to be effective, and have been adopted and then institutionalized at both the state and national levels. Although psychologists have made seminal contributions to quitline development and evaluation, this accomplishment has gone largely(More)
BACKGROUND Smokers seeking treatment to quit smoking are generally not assessed for current depression, yet depression among smokers may influence quitting outcome. PURPOSE This study aims to formally assess current major depression among smokers calling a state tobacco quitline. METHODS A total of 844 smokers calling the California Smokers' Helpline in(More)
The prevalence of tobacco use among persons with mental illnesses is 2 to 3 times that of the general population, and these individuals suffer significant related health disparities. Many people with mental illnesses contact tobacco quitlines for cessation assistance. With free telephone counseling and in some cases nicotine replacement therapy, quitlines(More)
BACKGROUND Although telephone counseling services (quitlines) have become a popular behavioral intervention for smoking cessation in the United States, such services are scarce for Asian immigrants with limited English proficiency. In this study, we tested the effects of telephone counseling for smoking cessation in Chinese-, Korean-, and(More)
BACKGROUND Individuals with mental health conditions (MHC) have disproportionately high tobacco-related morbidity and mortality due to high smoking prevalence rates. As high consumers of cigarettes, smokers with MHC may consider using e-cigarettes as an alternative form of nicotine delivery. OBJECTIVE Examination of the susceptibility to use e-cigarettes(More)
INTRODUCTION Most smokers abstain from smoking during hospitalization but relapse upon discharge. This study tests the effectiveness of two proven treatments (i.e., nicotine patches and telephone counseling) in helping these patients stay quit after discharge from the hospital, and assesses a model of hospital-quitline partnership. STUDY DESIGN This study(More)
INTRODUCTION Pregnant smokers are advised to quit; however, many struggle to do so. Behavioral counseling can increase quitting success, but the efficacy of telephone counseling for pregnant smokers has not been established. This study tests the efficacy of pregnancy-specific counseling, embedded in the ongoing operations of a state quitline. DESIGN In(More)
BACKGROUND People with mental health conditions (MHC) smoke at high rates and many die prematurely from smoking-related illnesses. Smoking cessation programs, however, generally do not screen for MHC. This study examined the utility of MHC screening in a large tobacco quitline to determine whether self-reported MHC predicts service utilization and quitting(More)