Gary J. Silverman

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Enterotoxin B, nuclease, and total exoprotein production by Staphylococcus aureus strain S-6 was studied in a 0.5-liter fermentor system. While these extracellular products were elaborated over a wide range of aeration rates, maximal production occurred within the very narrow range of 125 to 150 cm(3) of air per min. The levels attained at the optimal(More)
Davis, Norman S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge), Gerald J. Silverman, and Edmund B. Masurovsky. Radiation-resistant, pigmented coccus isolated from haddock tissue. J. Bacteriol. 86:294-298. 1963.-An orange-brown, catalase-positive coccus was isolated from irradiated haddock. The new coccus was found to consist of rough and smooth strains(More)
When cells of Escherichia coli ML30 were suspended in 2% gelatin and frozen at -40 C, no appreciable metabolic damage or death occurred. After freeze-drying for 8 hr at a platen temperature of 49 C and rehydration with a mineral salts medium, survival of the cells was 0.6%. Metabolic damage of the survivors was found to be 23%. Permeability alterations were(More)
Volatile components present at spoilage of refrigerated chicken breasts were identified using high-vacuum-low-temperature distillation techniques followed by analysis with combined temperature-programmed gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. A comparison was made of the compounds detected from both irradiated and non-irradiated muscle stored at 2 and 10(More)
The production of enterotoxin A and nuclease by Staphylococcus aureus strain 100 was studied in a 1.0-liter fermentor. The effects of the gas flow rate, pH, and dissolved oxygen were evaluated. Toxin and nuclease secretion occurred under all conditions which permitted growth of the organism. Final yields of toxin and nuclease in cultures grown at constant(More)
Although 95% of the enterotoxin B produced by Staphylococcus aureus appears during the latter part of the exponential phase of growth, growth per se is not necessary for toxin synthesis. A procedure is described whereby a concentrated suspension (at least 6 x 10(10) cells per ml) of a 16-hr culture of S. aureus was found to be capable of producing toxin,(More)
The production of a Bacillus cereus enterotoxin, measured as rabbit skin permeability factor (PF), in response to differences in glucose availability, pH, and dissolved oxygen tension was studied in a 1-liter batch fermentor system. Glucose had to be present for toxigenesis to occur. In uncontrolled fermentation an increasing inhibition of PF production and(More)