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Rhenium-186 (tin) hydroxyethylidene diphosphonate (HEDP) is a new radiopharmaceutical that simultaneously localizes in multiple skeletal metastases in patients with advanced cancer. A single intravenous administration of 30-35 mCi (1110-1295 MBq) is associated with a prompt, significant relief of osseous pain in about 80% of such patients. The efficacy of(More)
UNLABELLED Rhenium-188 (tin) hydroxyethylidine diphosphonate [188Re(Sn)HEDP] is a new radiopharmaceutical that localizes in skeletal metastases and emits beta particles that may be therapeutically beneficial. METHODS It was evaluated by in vitro and in vivo testing in the laboratory, in animals and in humans using 188Re from a variety of sources. It may(More)
Glass microspheres 20-30 microns in diameter containing either 31P or 89Y that can be activated by neutron bombardment to 32P or 90Y respectively, have been produced for intra-arterial radiotherapy of liver tumors. The spheres are insoluble in body fluids, non-toxic, and can concentrate in liver tumors of animals by direct injection into the hepatic artery.(More)
The development of effective therapeutic radiopharmaceuticals requires careful consideration in the selection of the radionuclide. The in vivo targeting and clearance properties of the carrier molecule must be balanced with the decay properties of the attached radionuclide. Radionuclides for therapeutic applications fall into three general categories:(More)
A germanium-gallium generator producing EDTA-free Ga-68 would permit the synthesis of a broad range of Ga-68 radiopharmaceuticals and thus facilitate the widespread application of positron tomography. We have investigated a solvent-extraction generator system producing the weak complex of Ga-68 with 8-hydroxyquinoline (Ga-68 oxine), free of EDTA. The(More)
Forty dogs with spontaneous skeletal neoplasia were treated with 153Sm-EDTMP (ethylenediaminetetramethylene phosphonic acid). Both primary and metastatic lesions were treated. Two treatment regimes, a single (37 MBq (1.0 mCi)/kg dose or two 37 MBq (1.0 mCi)/kg doses separated by 1 wk) were tested. Response to treatment was varied. Large lesions with minimal(More)
In an effort to develop radiopharmaceuticals useful for the diagnostic imaging of steroid receptor-positive breast tumors, we have radiolabeled an analog of the antiprogestin RU486 (mifepristone), modified to incorporate an N2S2 chelate system in the 11 beta-position, with 99Tc, 99mTc, and 186Re. For the 99Tc-labeled analogs (3), a syn pair and two(More)
The radioisotopes (186)Re and (188)Re have been extensively investigated for various forms of radiotherapy due to their useful and high-abundance beta particle emissions, low-abundance and imageable gamma-rays, and chemical resemblance to technetium. In addition, (188)Re is available in no-carrier-added (NCA) form from long lived W-188 generators, whereas(More)
A new radiopharmaceutical, 68Ga ion hydroxide colloid, for hepatic imaging by positron emission tomography was prepared from the eluate of a 68Ge-68Ga solvent extraction generator. In rats, 84% of the administered dose of colloid localized in the liver and 4.6% accumulated in the spleen. Initial imaging studies in normal dogs showed close correspondence of(More)
In the last 25 years, diagnostic nuclear medicine has come to depend on the versatile chemistry of a single radioisotope, technetium-99m (Tc-99m). Different chelating molecules can be used to guide Tc-99m through various physiological pathways in the body to gain information about disease states. No single radioisotope similarly dominates therapeutic(More)