Gary J Bridger

Learn More
Improving approaches for hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) and hematopoietic progenitor cell (HPC) mobilization is clinically important because increased numbers of these cells are needed for enhanced transplantation. Chemokine stromal cell derived factor-1 (also known as CXCL12) is believed to be involved in retention of HSCs and HPCs in bone marrow. AMD3100,(More)
AMD-3100, a bicyclam, is a novel agent that uniquely inhibits the entry of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) into CD4(+) T cells via selective blockade of the chemokine CXCR-4 receptor. Twelve healthy volunteers were given AMD-3100 as a single 15-min intravenous infusion at 10, 20, 40, or 80 microg/kg. Five subjects also received a single(More)
This study was undertaken to demonstrate the unique specificity of the chemokine receptor CXCR4 antagonist AMD3100. Calcium flux assays with selected chemokine/cell combinations, affording distinct chemokine receptor specificities, revealed no interaction of AMD3100 with any of the chemokine receptors CXCR1 through CXCR3, or CCR1 through CCR9. In contrast,(More)
In this study we provide evidence that the SDF-1alpha/CXCR4 chemokine axis is involved in both the retention of neutrophils within the bone marrow and the homing of senescent neutrophils back to the bone marrow. We show that the functional responses of freshly isolated human and murine neutrophils to CXCR2 chemokines are significantly attenuated by(More)
CXC chemokine receptor (CXCR)4 is an HIV coreceptor and a chemokine receptor that plays an important role in several physiological and pathological processes, including hematopoiesis, leukocyte homing and trafficking, metastasis, and angiogenesis. This receptor belongs to the class A family of G protein-coupled receptors and is a validated target for the(More)
AMD3100 given with G-CSF has been shown to mobilize CD34+ cells in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), multiple myeloma (MM), and Hodgkin's disease (HD) patients who could not collect sufficient cells for autologous transplant following other mobilization regimens. These poor mobilizers are usually excluded from company-sponsored trials, but have been included in(More)
Stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF1/CXCL12) and its cognate receptor, CXCR4, play key regulatory roles in CD34+ cell trafficking. We investigated whether AMD3100, a selective CXCR4 antagonist, could mobilize hematopoietic progenitor cells from marrow to peripheral blood in healthy human volunteers. Initially, 10 persons each received a single dose of(More)
Of 14 chemokine receptors investigated, only CXCR4 was expressed on ovarian cancer cells [C. J. Scotton et al., Cancer Res., 61: 4961-4965, 2001]. To further understand the role of this chemokine receptor in ovarian tumor biology, we studied the action of its ligand, CXCL12 (stromal cell-derived factor 1), on the CXCR4-expressing ovarian cancer cell lines(More)
PURPOSE This study evaluates the safety and efficacy of plerixafor (AMD3100), a CXCR4 antagonist, in mobilizing hematopoietic stem cells for autologous stem-cell transplantation in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS This is a phase III, multicenter, randomized (1:1), double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Patients with(More)
Allografts from HLA-matched sibling donors were mobilized and collected without granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) using AMD3100, a direct antagonist of CXCR4/stromal-derived factor 1 (SDF-1/CXCL12). Donors (N = 25) were treated with AMD3100 at a dose of 240 mug/kg by subcutaneous injection, and leukapheresis was then initiated just 4 hours(More)