Gary J . Balady

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The purpose of this report is to provide revised standards and guidelines for the exercise testing and training of individuals who are free from clinical manifestations of cardiovascular disease and those with known cardiovascular disease. These guidelines are intended for physicians, nurses, exercise physiologists, specialists, technologists, and other(More)
Sudden deaths of young competitive athletes are tragic events that continue to have a considerable impact on the lay and medical communities.1–17 These deaths are usually due to a variety of unsuspected cardiovascular diseases and have been reported with increasing frequency in both the United States and Europe.1,5 Such deaths often assume a high public(More)
873 T he 2001 version of the exercise standards statement 1 has served effectively to reflect the basic fundamentals of ECG–monitored exercise testing and training of both healthy subjects and patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and other disease states. These exercise standards are intended for use by physicians, nurses, exercise physiologists and(More)
Gary J. Balady, MD, FAHA, Chair; Ross Arena, PhD, FAHA; Kathy Sietsema, MD; Jonathan Myers, PhD, FAHA; Lola Coke, RN, PhD; Gerald F. Fletcher, MD, FAHA; Daniel Forman, MD; Barry Franklin, PhD, FAHA; Marco Guazzi, MD, PhD; Martha Gulati, MD; Steven J. Keteyian, PhD; Carl J. Lavie, MD; Richard Macko, MD; Donna Mancini, MD; Richard V. Milani, MD, FAHA; on(More)
Aerobic exercise training improves endothelial vasomotor function in the coronary circulation of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), an effect that has been attributed to local repetitive increases in shear stress on the endothelium. To study the effects of exercise on endothelial function in the peripheral circulation, we used vascular ultrasound(More)