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This report appears to be the first ultrastructural study of the maculopathy and peripheral pigmentary retinopathy in myotonic dystrophy. Nine eyes from five patients observed during life are described. The findings were similar in all eyes, the retinal pigment epithelium in the macular region containing an accumulation of lipofuscin in large hyperpigmented(More)
Metabolic abnormalities arising from malnutrition and malignancy are seen in patients with cancer cachexia. To discriminate between the effects of pure malnutrition and tumour-specific metabolic alterations, the kinetics of whole-body metabolism were determined in 7 untreated, malnourished cancer patients and in 11 patients with benign disease, also(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about whether direct angiotensin receptor blockade can reduce atherosclerosis and plaque disruption. This study evaluated the effect of angiotensin receptor blockade on both the development of atherosclerosis and the disruption of plaque in a modified Constantinides animal model. METHODS AND RESULTS Twenty-eight New Zealand(More)
To assess the importance of the role of the Moss nasoduodenal tube (Moss Tubes, Inc.) in short-stay cholecystectomy, 50 patients were prospectively randomized into two groups. Patients in group 1 (n = 25) had placement of a Moss nasoduodenal tube with esophagogastric decompression and immediate enteral feedings after cholecystectomy; patients in group 2 (n(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the overall impact of a voluntary cholesterol screening program and to assess the importance of controlling for regression to the mean when evaluating the impact on higher-risk subgroups. DESIGN Longitudinal study comparing baseline survey and cholesterol results with those obtained 17 months later, with adjustment for regression(More)
While malnutrition attending cancer cachexia may be associated with variable losses of body fat, lipid metabolism has been only minimally studied. To clarify potential aberrations of lipid metabolism in weight losing cancer patients, the whole body rate of lipolysis was determined in 9 cancer patients in the postabsorptive state and compared to that in 5(More)
Vitamin D, a hormone involved in bone and calcium homeostasis, has been shown to have potent immunomodulatory effects. We performed a retrospective cohort analysis to evaluate whether monohydroxyvitamin D levels before allogeneic hematopoietic SCT (HSCT) correlate with the risk of GVHD. Fifty-three patients who underwent myeloablative HSCT were studied.(More)
OBJECTIVES Mesalamine non-adherence is common among patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), and can be difficult to identify in practice. We sought to determine whether a random urine test for salicylates could be used as a marker of 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) ingestion and identify patients at risk of non-adherence. Our aim is to determine whether(More)
BACKGROUND Inadequate fall in the intraoperative parathyroid hormone (PTH) level after removing enlarged parathyroid gland(s) typically signifies additional hyperfunctioning gland(s), prompting further neck dissection, but it may also be a false negative result. We analyzed intraoperative management of patients with an inadequate fall on PTH after excision(More)
Sixty-three studies in healthy normal volunteers (n = 29), malnourished cancer (n = 8) or non-cancer patients (n = 9), and postoperative radical cystectomy patients (n = 17) were conducted to evaluate the primed constant infusion labeling technique for the estimation of whole-body protein turnover under a variety of dietary conditions. [15N]Glycine was used(More)