Gary Hastings

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A cDNA clone for the serine proteinase inhibitor (serpin), neuroserpin, was isolated from a human whole brain cDNA library, and recombinant protein was expressed in insect cells. The purified protein is an efficient inhibitor of tissue type plasminogen activator (tPA), having an apparent second-order rate constant of 6. 2 x 10(5) M-1 s-1 for the two-chain(More)
Femtosecond transient absorption spectroscopy has been used to investigate the photoinduced energy and electron transfer processes in photosystem I (PS I) particles from cyanobacteria, green algae, and higher plants. At room temperature, the kinetics observed in all three species are very similar: Following 590 nm excitation, an equilibration process(es)(More)
Picosecond fluorescence and femtosecond transient absorption spectroscopy have been used to investigate the primary energy transfer and trapping processes in a photosystem II deletion mutant from the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803, which contains active photosystem I reaction centers with approximately 100 chlorophylls per P700. In all(More)
Femtosecond transient absorption spectroscopy has been used to investigate the energy transfer and trapping processes in both intact membranes and purified detergent-isolated particles from a photosystem II deletion mutant of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803, which contains only the photosystem I reaction center. Processes with similar(More)
Femtosecond transient absorption spectroscopy has been used to investigate the primary charge separation in a photosystem II deletion mutant from the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803. These cells contain only the photosystem I reaction center and have a pigment content of approximately 100 chlorophylls per P700. Utilizing relatively high excitation(More)
Fluorescence kinetics were measured in membranes of a photosystem II-deletion mutant of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 containing photosystem I as the only reaction center and of the anoxygenic photosynthetic bacterium Heliobacillus mobilis. The measurements were performed under conditions where forward electron transfer to secondary(More)
Electron transfer processes in cyanobacterial photosystem I particles from Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 with a high potential naphthoquinone (2,3-dichloro-1,4-naphthoquinone) incorporated into the A1 binding site have been studied at 298 and 77K using time-resolved visible and infrared difference spectroscopy. The high potential naphthoquinone inhibits(More)
Random high throughput sequencing of a human osteoclast cDNA library was employed to identify novel osteoclast-expressed genes. Of the 5475 ESTs obtained, approximately 4% encoded cathepsin K, a novel cysteine protease homologous to cathepsins S and L; ESTs for other cathepsins were rare. In addition, ESTs for cathepsin K were absent or at low frequency in(More)
Light-induced Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) difference spectroscopy has been used to study the photo-oxidation of the primary electron donor (P700) in PS I particles from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803. To aid in the interpretation of the spectra, PS I particles from a site-directed mutant of C. reinhardtii, in which the axial(More)
Nanosecond to millisecond time-resolved absorption spectroscopy has been used to study electron transfer processes in photosystem I particles from Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 with eight different quinones incorporated into the A1 binding site, at both 298 and 77K. A detailed kinetic model was constructed and solved within the context of Marcus electron(More)