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Electrostatic interactions with negatively charged membranes contribute to the subcellular targeting of proteins with polybasic clusters or cationic domains. Although the anionic phospholipid phosphatidylserine is comparatively abundant, its contribution to the surface charge of individual cellular membranes is unknown, partly because of the lack of(More)
PADGEM (platelet activation dependent granule-external membrane protein) is an integral membrane protein of the alpha granules of platelets and Weibel-Palade bodies of endothelial cells that is expressed on the plasma membrane upon cell activation and granule secretion. Activated platelets, but not resting platelets, bind to neutrophils, monocytes, HL60(More)
PADGEM (platelet activation-dependent granule-external membrane protein) is a leukocyte receptor of activated platelets that mediates cellular adhesion of platelets to neutrophils and monocytes. To identify the natural ligand on neutrophils and monocytes that interacts with PADGEM, we have evaluated anti-leukocyte antibodies for their ability to block(More)
Lactadherin, a glycoprotein of the milk-fat globule membrane, contains tandem C domains with homology to discoidin-type lectins and to membrane-binding domains of blood-clotting factors V and VIII. We asked whether the structural homology confers the capacity to compete for the membrane-binding sites of factor VIII and factor V and to function as an(More)
The Gigaplane-XB interconnect of the Starfire system extends the range of Sun's Ultra Enterprise SMP server family by 4x. It uses multi-level address and data routers to provide 167 million global snoops per second, and 10,667 MBps of uniform-memory-access band-width. The use of point-to-point routers allows the system to be dynamically reconfigured into(More)
The coagulopathy of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is mainly related to procoagulant substances and fibrinolytic activators of APL blasts, but the fate of these leukemic cells is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the removal of APL blasts by macrophages and endothelial cells in vitro and consequent procoagulant and fibrinolytic activity(More)
Secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) is a critical component of insect and snake venoms and is secreted by mammalian leukocytes during inflammation. Elevated secretory PLA2 concentrations are associated with autoimmune diseases and septic shock. Many sPLA2's do not bind to plasma membranes of quiescent cells but bind and digest phospholipids on the membranes(More)
The mechanisms contributing to an increased risk of thrombosis in uremia are complex and require clarification. There is scant morphological evidence of membrane-dependent binding of factor Xa (FXa) and factor Va (FVa) on endothelial cells (EC) in vitro. Our objectives were to confirm that exposed phosphatidylserine (PS) on microparticle (MP), EC, and(More)
2 I give a special thanks to my two diligent and devoted readers, Oona Eisenstadt and Gary Gilbert, whose close readings and criticisms have helped bring this text to its maturity. Zayn Kassam, as my academic and seminar advisor, contributed invaluable guidance as this thesis was taking form. In particular, I applaud her for her trust and encouragement in(More)