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OBJECTIVES To determine the grades of recommendations and levels of evidence available if the formal practice of evidence-based medicine is applied to general thoracic surgery. METHODS Three general thoracic surgeons, by consensus, developed a sample of 10 clinically important questions. The first 3 steps of evidence-based medicine (creation of answerable(More)
Following esophagectomy, restoration of swallowing by gastric tube interposition with cervical esophagogastric anastomosis reduces morbidity and mortality associated with intrathoracic anastomoses at the expense of an increased incidence of both anastomotic leak and stricture formation. A retrospective study of 165 patients with either squamous cell(More)
Modern multislice computed tomography (CT) scanners produce isotropic CT images with a thickness of 0.6 mm. These CT images offer detailed information of lung cavities, which could be used for better surgical planning of treating lung cancer. The major challenge for developing a surgical planning system is the automatic segmentation of lung lobes by(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate staging of patients with lung cancer is imperative in generating an appropriate treatment strategy. This study examined the clinical performance of anterior mediastinotomy in staging patients with suspected left upper lobe non-small cell lung cancer. METHODS This study was designed as a retrospective cohort. All patients with suspected(More)
PURPOSE The major hurdle for three-dimensional display of lung lobes is the automatic recognition of lobar fissures, boundaries of lung lobes. Lobar fissures are difficult to recognize due to their variable shape and appearance, along with the low contrast and high noise inherent in computed tomographic (CT) images. An algorithm for recognizing the major(More)
The choice of the optimal surgical approach for repairing paraesophaeal hernias (PEH) is debated. Our objective is to evaluate the short-term outcomes of primary laparoscopic and open repairs of PEH performed in the Calgary Health Region. A retrospective review of all patients undergoing repair of PEH between October 1999 and February 2005 was performed.(More)
Study has shown that three-dimensional (3D) visualization of lung cavities has distinct advantages over traditional computed tomographic (CT) images for surgical planning. A crucial step for achieving 3D visualization of lung cavities is the segmentation of lung lobes by identifying lobar fissures in volumetric CT images. Current segmentation algorithms for(More)
BACKGROUND An incomplete major pulmonary fissure can make anatomic lung resection technically more difficult and may increase the risk of complications, such as prolonged postoperative air leak. The objective of this study was to determine if preoperative computed tomography (CT) of the chest could accurately predict the completeness of the major pulmonary(More)