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Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a pivotal immunoregulatory cytokine, influencing many aspects of the immune response. The IL-10 gene is located on chromosome 1 at 1q31-32 and is highly polymorphic. One microsatellite and three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been recorded within the 1.2 kb immediately upstream of the gene, with an additional(More)
The pathologies of many infectious, autoimmune and malignant diseases are influenced by the profiles of cytokine production in pro-inflammatory (TH1) and anti-inflammatory (TH2) T cells. Interindividual differences in cytokine profiles appear to be due, at least in part, to allelic polymorphism within regulatory regions of cytokine gene. Many studies have(More)
Within the past few years, the focus on cytokine single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) function and association with human diseases has increased considerably. This third supplement to the Cytokine Gene Polymorphism in Human Disease: On-line database describes the positive associations of cytokine SNPs in human diseases described in articles published from(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is the most lethal form of locally advanced breast cancer. We found concordant and consistent alterations of two genes in 90% of IBC tumors when compared to stage matched, non-IBC tumors: overexpression of RhoC GTPase and loss of WISP3. Further work revealed that RhoC is a transforming oncogene for HME cells.(More)
BACKGROUND There is a need for reliable predictors of breast cancer aggressiveness that will further refine the staging classification and help guide the implementation of novel therapies. We have identified RhoC as being nearly always overexpressed in the most aggressive form of breast cancer, inflammatory breast cancer (IBC); in subsequent work we(More)
Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is an important immunoregulatory cytokine. The recent characterisation of the proximal 5' flanking region of IL-10 led to the identification of the promoter region. Two polymorphic dinucleotide repeats and 10 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been identified and suggested to be useful genetic markers in several diseases. We(More)
Aberrant expression of TGF-alpha is associated with human malignant oral epithelium. Experiments were initiated to determine the cellular sources of transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha) in human oral cancer. Ten freshly resected human oral cancers and four specimens of normal human oral epithelium were studied by in situ hybridization and(More)
When human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBM) are exposed to the cytokine interleukin-2 (IL-2) in vitro, they develop a potent cytotoxic ability referred to as lymphokine-activated killer cell (LAK-cell) activity. LAK-cell activity is characterised by the ability to kill fresh tumour cells in a non-MHC-restricted manner, while leaving normal cells(More)