Gary G. Meadows

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The density of angiotensin II (Ang II) receptors was determined in three dopaminergic nerve terminal-rich brain regions (caudate putamen, nucleus accumbens, and ventral pallidum) of mice that were given either water (control) or 20% w/v ethanol (EtOH) to drink for either 2-8 weeks (young) or 46 weeks (old). The receptors were labeled with 125I-sarcosine1,(More)
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) has adverse effects on the development of numerous physiological systems, including the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the immune system. HPA hyper-responsiveness and impairments in immune competence have been demonstrated. The present study investigated immune function in PAE females utilizing an(More)
The abilities of rodent tumor cell lines; B16BL6, ND and LT dietary variants of B16BL6, +SA, RT7-4bs and RT7-4bLs to invade composite collagen I gels containing heparin, chemically modified heparins, heparan sulfate, chondroitin sulfate, hyaluronic acid, dextran, dextran sulfate, laminin and collagen IV were investigated, and compared to the invasion of(More)
Insertional mutagenesis screens have been used with great success to identify oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes. Typically, these screens use gammaretroviruses (γRV) or transposons as insertional mutagens. However, insertional mutations from replication-competent γRVs or transposons that occur later during oncogenesis can produce passenger mutations that(More)
Procarbazine is a 1,2-disubstituted hydrazine derivative that is used to treat human leukemias. The anticancer activity of procarbazine results from bioactivation to reactive intermediates. It is first oxidized to azoprocarbazine and further N-oxidized to a mixture of methylazoxyprocarbazine and benzylazoxyprocarbazine isomers. In this study the(More)
We found previously that restriction of tyrosine (Tyr) and phenylalanine (Phe) inhibited growth and metastasis of B16BL6 murine melanoma and arrested these cells in the G0-G1 phase of the cell cycle. Here, we report that deprivation of these two amino acids in vitro induces apoptosis in B16BL6 and in human A375 melanoma cells but not in nontransformed,(More)
Low levels of tyrosine and phenylalanine alter the metastatic phenotype of B16BL6 murine melanoma. In this study, we investigated expression and secretion of fibroblast growth factor-like (FGF-like) and transforming growth factor beta-like (TGF beta-like) molecules as well as the biological effect of basic FGF (bFGF) and TGF beta 1 on high (NDP) and low(More)
Procarbazine causes dose-dependent decreases in sperm count after a single i.p. injection in (C57BL/6 X DBA/2)F1 male mice. Two antioxidants, N-acetylcysteine and sodium ascorbate, administered with equimolar doses of procarbazine decreased the spermatotoxicity of procarbazine. At the highest doses of procarbazine (400 mg/kg) that caused a 56% decrease in(More)
Flavonoids have been studied intensely for their ability to act as anti-carcinogenic, anti-inflammatory, anti-viral and anti-aging agents and are often marketed as supplements related to their anti-inflammatory activity. Previous studies have primarily focused on the effects of polar natural flavonoids. We examined the activity of novel hydrophobic and(More)
The major factor in the morbidity and mortality of cancer patients is metastasis. There exists a relative lack of specific therapeutic approaches to control metastasis, and this is a fruitful area for investigation. A healthy diet and lifestyle not only can inhibit tumorigenesis but also can have a major impact on cancer progression and survival. Many(More)