The density of angiotensin II (Ang II) receptors was determined in three dopaminergic nerve terminal-rich brain regions (caudate putamen, nucleus accumbens, and ventral pallidum) of mice that were given either water (control) or 20% w/v ethanol (EtOH) to drink for either 2-8 weeks (young) or 46 weeks (old). The receptors were labeled with 125I-sarcosine1,… (More)
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) has adverse effects on the development of numerous physiological systems, including the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the immune system. HPA hyper-responsiveness and impairments in immune competence have been demonstrated. The present study investigated immune function in PAE females utilizing an… (More)
Insertional mutagenesis screens have been used with great success to identify oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes. Typically, these screens use gammaretroviruses (γRV) or transposons as insertional mutagens. However, insertional mutations from replication-competent γRVs or transposons that occur later during oncogenesis can produce passenger mutations that… (More)
The major factor in the morbidity and mortality of cancer patients is metastasis. There exists a relative lack of specific therapeutic approaches to control metastasis, and this is a fruitful area for investigation. A healthy diet and lifestyle not only can inhibit tumorigenesis but also can have a major impact on cancer progression and survival. Many… (More)
Flavonoids have been studied intensely for their ability to act as anti-carcinogenic, anti-inflammatory, anti-viral and anti-aging agents and are often marketed as supplements related to their anti-inflammatory activity. Previous studies have primarily focused on the effects of polar natural flavonoids. We examined the activity of novel hydrophobic and… (More)
Low levels of tyrosine and phenylalanine alter the metastatic phenotype of B16BL6 murine melanoma. In this study, we investigated expression and secretion of fibroblast growth factor-like (FGF-like) and transforming growth factor (Â¡-like(TGFÃŸ-like) molecules as well as the biological effect may contribute to a decreased metastatic capability.
This study reports an amelioration of abnormal motor behaviors in tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4)-deficient Spr (-/-) mice by the dietary supplementation of tyrosine. Since BH4 is an essential cofactor for the conversion of phenylalanine into tyrosine as well as the synthesis of dopamine neurotransmitter within the central nervous system, the levels of tyrosine… (More)
An In Vivo model is presented to determine the effects of alpha methyl-para-tyrosine methyl ester (MPT), fusaric acid (FA), and haloperidol on nomifensine-induced seizures. All three drugs were active with haloperidol having the greatest effect on delay of onset to convulsion. The results suggest that both dopamine and norepinephrine are involved in… (More)