Gary G. Meadows

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Resveratrol is a plant polyphenol found in grapes and red wine. It has been found to have beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system. Resveratrol also inhibits the growth of various tumor cell lines in vitro and inhibits carcinogenesis in vivo. In this study we examined the effect of resveratrol on growth of two human melanoma cell lines. We found that(More)
Natural killer (NK) cell activity of spleen cells from female C57BL/6 mice receiving 10% w/v alcohol solution for 4 weeks was studied in mice fed a nutritionally complete crystalline amino-acid diet and in mice fed diets moderately deficient in (i) tyrosine and phenylalanine or (ii) methionine. Natural killer cell activity was determined in a 4-hr cytolytic(More)
The class 3 semaphorins, sema3A and sema3C, provide important guidance cues in cell development and in cancer; however, the role of these semaphorins in prostate cancer is not known. We report here that sema3A transfected cells exhibit decreased invasion and adhesion in Matrigel-based assays and that sema3C transfected cells exhibit increased invasive and(More)
Selective amino acid restriction targets mitochondria to induce apoptosis of DU145 and PC3 prostate cancer cells. Biochemical assays and flow cytometry were uitilized to analyze the glucose consumption, lactate production, pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH), nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD)/NADH and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP)/NADPH(More)
Sodium ascorbate supplementation in drinking water inhibited subcutaneous tumor growth, enhanced levodopa methylester (LDME) chemotherapy, and increased survival of B16 melanoma-bearing mice. Antitumor activity was greatest in mice fed diets low in tyrosine and phenylalanine (restricted diet). Ascorbate partially protected against LDME-induced decrease in(More)
The density of angiotensin II (Ang II) receptors was determined in three dopaminergic nerve terminal-rich brain regions (caudate putamen, nucleus accumbens, and ventral pallidum) of mice that were given either water (control) or 20% w/v ethanol (EtOH) to drink for either 2-8 weeks (young) or 46 weeks (old). The receptors were labeled with 125I-sarcosine1,(More)
Acute exposure to ethanol induces a stress response in mice that is manifested by increased plasma corticosterone (PC) concentration. However, during chronic intake of 7.5% w/v ethanol, diurnal fluctuation of PC is dampened. Whether chronic consumption of 20% w/v ethanol alters normal diurnal fluctuation of plasma glucocorticoids is not known. Investigating(More)
Procarbazine is a 1,2-disubstituted hydrazine derivative that is used to treat human leukemias. The anticancer activity of procarbazine results from bioactivation to reactive intermediates. It is first oxidized to azoprocarbazine and further N-oxidized to a mixture of methylazoxyprocarbazine and benzylazoxyprocarbazine isomers. In this study the(More)
BACKGROUND Basic studies indicate that in vitro and in vivo doses of leptin modulate cellular immune responses. Given evidence that concentrations of leptin are altered in alcoholics who also show immune abnormalities, this study examined the relationships between circulating levels of leptin and markers of cellular and innate immunity. METHODS(More)
Alcohol is a known suppressant to the immune system, and alcoholics frequently have impaired humoral and cell-mediated immunity. Several studies indicate that alcohol modulates natural killer (NK) cell activity. NK cells provide important defense against certain infectious diseases, spontaneously arising tumors and, in particular, to blood-borne(More)