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BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown that carotid endarterectomy in patients with symptomatic severe carotid stenosis (defined as stenosis of 70 to 99 percent of the luminal diameter) is beneficial up to two years after the procedure. In this clinical trial, we assessed the benefit of carotid endarterectomy in patients with symptomatic moderate stenosis,(More)
Of 59 cases of vertebrobasilar junction aneurysms diagnosed and treated from January 1977 to April 1986, 21 (35.5%) saccular aneurysms arose in a fenestration of the proximal basilar artery. Defects of the media at the junctures of the fenestrated segments, as well as the possible presence of turbulent flow at the vertebrobasilar junction, may explain the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This study reports the surgical results in those patients who underwent carotid endarterectomy in the North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial (NASCET). METHODS The rates of perioperative stroke and death at 30 days and the final assessment of stroke severity at 90 days were calculated. Regression modeling was used to(More)
Hunterian proximal artery occlusion was used in the treatment of 160 of 335 patients harboring giant aneurysms of the anterior circulation. One hundred and thirty-three of these aneurysms arose from the internal carotid arteries, 20 from the middle cerebral arteries, and seven from the anterior cerebral arteries. Ninety percent of the patients had(More)
OBJECT The authors reviewed their 20-year experience with giant anterior communicating artery aneurysms to correlate aneurysm size with clinical presentation and to analyze treatment methods. METHODS In 18 patients, visual and cognitive impairment were quantitated and clinical outcome was categorized according to the Rankin scale. Statistical analysis was(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine how the prognosis of patients who presented with a recent ischemic event referable to a 70% to 99% stenosis of one carotid artery (ipsilateral) was altered by stenosis and occlusion of the contralateral carotid artery. The benefit of performing carotid endarterectomy on the recently symptomatic artery, in the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Carotid endarterectomy clearly benefits patients with symptomatic severe stenosis (SCS), but the risk of stroke is so low for asymptomatic patients (ACS) that the number needed to treat is very high. We studied transcranial Doppler (TCD) embolus detection as a method for identifying patients at higher risk who would have a lower(More)
Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) from aneurysm rupture is generally considered to be of grave prognostic significance. Ninety-one cases have been studied retrospectively from seven medical centers. The overall mortality rate was 64%. The dramatically poor condition of these patients leads to their rapid admission to the hospital. Eighty-seven percent were(More)
The aim of this prospective study was to assess the feasibility and diagnostic relevance of repetitive dynamic (contrast-enhanced) CT measurements of cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral blood volume (CBV), and mean transit time (MTT) in the first 3 weeks after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). In 15 patients with SAH, 59 dynamic CT studies including(More)