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OBJECTIVE Our objective was to evaluate the change in lactate level during cardiopulmonary bypass and the possible predictive value in identifying patients at high risk of morbidity and mortality(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to (1) determine reference values for whole blood ionized magnesium concentrations in newborns, children, and young adults and (2) evaluate the frequency and clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has served for >2 decades as the standard of care for US children requiring mechanical support as a bridge to heart transplantation. Objective(More)