Learn More
Endothelins are a family of structurally related, potent, long-lasting vasoconstrictor peptides. There are no established normal human levels of endothelin-1 or endothelin-3 in the cerebrospinal fluid. We measured cerebrospinal fluid endothelin-1 and endothelin-3 levels in five groups of patients: normal controls, patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage and(More)
BOOK REVIEWS All titles reviewed here are available from the BMJ Bookshop, PO Box 295, London WC1H 9TE. Prices include postage in the United Kingdom and for members of the British Forces Overseas, but overseas customers should add £2 per item for postage and packing. Payment can be made by cheque in sterling drawn on a United Kingdom bank, or by credit card(More)
The case of a giant posterior communicating artery (PCoA) aneurysm is reported in which the initial presentation was coma secondary to obstructive hydrocephalus. The primary radiological diagnosis was a probable craniopharyngioma. A cerebral angiogram revealed a partially thrombosed giant PCoA aneurysm on the right side. The patient underwent pterional(More)
A 27-year-old woman presented with a ruptured giant aneurysm of the right middle cerebral artery, occlusion of the artery distal to the aneurysm, and an intraparenchymal hematoma. Before emergent surgery, her condition deteriorated to a Glasgow Coma Scale score of 4 and a Hunt and Hess grade of V. Electroencephalographic response on the right, initially(More)
BACKGROUND Atherosclerotic stenosis of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) is uncommon and long-term prognosis is not well defined. Methods of treating stenosis of the MCA range from the administration of anticoagulants to endarterectomy. METHODS We present two cases of patients with focal symptomatic stenosis of the MCA with evidence of focally decreased(More)
To successfully match the treatment to the cause for raised intracranial pressure (ICP) after a severe head injury, it is important to know the underlying mechanism at a given moment for the raised pressure. In particular, it is important to distinguish between active cerebral vasodilation, indicating functional autoregulation, and a passive vascular(More)
A case of an open depressed skull fracture that was missed on standard computed tomographic (CT) scan is presented. The fracture was seen on a CT generated lateral scout film, and after repositioning the gantry, further CT images clearly showed the fracture and underlying brain injury. The authors recommend that all patients with head trauma undergoing head(More)
Spinal cord arteriovenous malformations (AVM's), like other vascular anomalies of the central nervous system, can be associated with similar vascular lesions of the skin and viscera. A 7-year-old girl, who presented with rapidly progressing paraplegia, was found to have a spinal cord AVM, cutaneous angioma, and a chylous malformation of the lymphatic(More)
The availability of transcranial Doppler sonography has resulted in an easy, noninvasive, reproducible, and highly reliable method for evaluating the flow characteristics of carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas. It also allows the follow-up of the effect of different interventional measures, specifically, embolization with detachable balloons. An illustrative(More)
  • 1