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BACKGROUND Immunosuppression is a consequence of allogeneic (homologous) blood transfusion (ABT) in humans and is associated with an increased risk in cancer recurrence rates after potentially curative surgery as well as an increase in the frequency of postoperative bacterial infections. Although a meta-analysis has been reported demonstrating the(More)
The purpose of the study was to compare exhaled nitric oxide (NO) determined by three techniques. Ninety-one subjects performed a slow vital capacity maneuver: (1) through the mouth directly into a NO chemiluminescence analyzer (peak oral NO), (2) through the mouth into a collection bag (mean oral NO), and (3) through the nose into a collection bag (mean(More)
Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is characterized by systemic endotoxemia immediately after its onset as well as the systemic release of proinflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-alpha and the interleukins 1 and 6. Recent studies document that increased morbidity and mortality rates correlate with elevated systemic concentrations of these(More)
BACKGROUND The expression of neutrophil integrin CD11b is up-regulated after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and is the neutrophil adhesive molecule of most importance in neutrophil- endothelial adherence. This neutrophil-endothelial adherence is responsible for post-CPB neutrophil-induced reperfusion injury. Low-dose aprotinin protocols inhibit the(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To compare cardiovascular stability during carotid endarterectomy in groups managed either with laryngeal mask airway (LMA) or endotracheal intubation. DESIGN Randomized, retrospective, blinded study. SETTING Teaching hospital. PATIENTS 61 ASA physical status II, III, and IV unpremedicated adult males scheduled for carotid(More)
Cardiovascular responses to increasing (20, 40, and 60%) concentrations of nitrous oxide or nitrogen in oxygen for 15 minutes as well as responses to 2 hours of exposure to 60% nitrous oxide or nitrogen in oxygen were determined and compared in 30 healthy, supine, untrained volunteers who received no other drugs or medications. No concentration of nitrogen(More)