Learn More
Electrostatic interactions with negatively charged membranes contribute to the subcellular targeting of proteins with polybasic clusters or cationic domains. Although the anionic phospholipid phosphatidylserine is comparatively abundant, its contribution to the surface charge of individual cellular membranes is unknown, partly because of the lack of(More)
PADGEM (platelet activation dependent granule-external membrane protein) is an integral membrane protein of the alpha granules of platelets and Weibel-Palade bodies of endothelial cells that is expressed on the plasma membrane upon cell activation and granule secretion. Activated platelets, but not resting platelets, bind to neutrophils, monocytes, HL60(More)
PADGEM (platelet activation-dependent granule-external membrane protein) is a leukocyte receptor of activated platelets that mediates cellular adhesion of platelets to neutrophils and monocytes. To identify the natural ligand on neutrophils and monocytes that interacts with PADGEM, we have evaluated anti-leukocyte antibodies for their ability to block(More)
Factor VIII binds to cell membranes prior to assembling with the serine protease, factor IXa, to form the factor X-activating enzyme complex. In order to better understand the interaction between factor VIII and phosphatidylserine-containing membranes, we have synthesized the membrane-binding peptide from the C2 domain of factor VIII, corresponding to(More)
Lactadherin, a milk protein, contains discoidin-type lectin domains with homology to the phosphatidylserine-binding domains of blood coagulation factor VIII and factor V. We have found that lactadherin functions, in vitro, as a potent anticoagulant by competing with blood coagulation proteins for phospholipid binding sites [J. Shi and G.E. Gilbert,(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Annexin V, the long established standard method of measuring phosphatidylserine (PS) exposure, is not the most suitable probe for the study of stored platelets because of calcium dependence and low sensitivity under 8% PS exposure. The aim of this study was to show lactadherin as a sensitive probe for PS exposure and an effective(More)
Recent studies showed that an imbalance of prothrombotic and antithrombotic factors and impaired thrombolytic activity contribute to the thrombophilia of the nephrotic syndrome (NS). However, it is not clear whether blood cell injury and/or activation is involved in hypercoagulability in NS patients. Our objectives were to study the increase in(More)
Factor VIII is a cofactor in the tenase enzyme complex which assembles on the membrane of activated platelets. A critical step in tenase assembly is membrane binding of factor VIII. Platelet membrane factor VIII-binding sites were characterized by flow cytometry using either fluorescein maleimide-labeled recombinant factor VIII or a fluorescein-labeled(More)
Factor VIII, a protein cofactor involved in blood coagulation, functions in vitro on a phospholipid membrane surface to greatly increase the rate of factor X activation by factor IXa. Using gel filtration, rapid sedimentation, and resonance energy transfer we have studied the interaction of recombinant-derived human factor VIII with small and large(More)
BACKGROUND Phosphatidylserine (PS) appears on the outer membrane leaflet of cells undergoing programmed cell death and marks those cells for clearance by macrophages. Macrophages secrete lactadherin, a PS-binding protein, which tethers apoptotic cells to macrophage integrins. METHODS We utilized fluorescein-labeled lactadherin together with the benchmark(More)