Gary E. Gilbert

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Electrostatic interactions with negatively charged membranes contribute to the subcellular targeting of proteins with polybasic clusters or cationic domains. Although the anionic phospholipid phosphatidylserine is comparatively abundant, its contribution to the surface charge of individual cellular membranes is unknown, partly because of the lack of(More)
PADGEM (platelet activation dependent granule-external membrane protein) is an integral membrane protein of the alpha granules of platelets and Weibel-Palade bodies of endothelial cells that is expressed on the plasma membrane upon cell activation and granule secretion. Activated platelets, but not resting platelets, bind to neutrophils, monocytes, HL60(More)
Recent studies showed that an imbalance of prothrombotic and antithrombotic factors and impaired thrombolytic activity contribute to the thrombophilia of the nephrotic syndrome (NS). However, it is not clear whether blood cell injury and/or activation is involved in hypercoagulability in NS patients. Our objectives were to study the increase in(More)
PADGEM (platelet activation-dependent granule-external membrane protein) is a leukocyte receptor of activated platelets that mediates cellular adhesion of platelets to neutrophils and monocytes. To identify the natural ligand on neutrophils and monocytes that interacts with PADGEM, we have evaluated anti-leukocyte antibodies for their ability to block(More)
Lactadherin, a milk protein, contains discoidin-type lectin domains with homology to the phosphatidylserine-binding domains of blood coagulation factor VIII and factor V. We have found that lactadherin functions, in vitro, as a potent anticoagulant by competing with blood coagulation proteins for phospholipid binding sites [J. Shi and G.E. Gilbert,(More)
Lactadherin is a phosphatidyl-L-serine (Ptd-L-Ser)-binding protein that decorates membranes of milk fat globules. The major Ptd-l-Ser binding function of lactadherin has been localized to its C2 domain, which shares homology with the C2 domains of blood coagulation factor VIII and factor V. Correlating with this homology, purified lactadherin competes(More)
Factor VIII, a protein cofactor involved in blood coagulation, functions in vitro on a phospholipid membrane surface to greatly increase the rate of factor X activation by factor IXa. Using gel filtration, rapid sedimentation, and resonance energy transfer we have studied the interaction of recombinant-derived human factor VIII with small and large(More)
Lactadherin binds to phosphatidylserine (PS) in a stereospecific and calcium independent manner that is promoted by vesicle curvature. Because membrane binding of lactadherin is supported by a PS content of as little as 0.5%, lactadherin is a useful marker for cell stress where limited PS is exposed, as well as for apoptosis where PS freely traverses the(More)
Factor VIII binds to phospholipid membranes and to von Willebrand factor (vWf) via its second C domain, which has lectin homology. The crystal structure of the C2 domain has prompted a model in which membrane binding is mediated by two hydrophobic spikes, each composed of a pair of residues displayed on a beta-hairpin turn, and also by net positive charge(More)
Factor VIII is a cofactor in the tenase enzyme complex which assembles on the membrane of activated platelets. A critical step in tenase assembly is membrane binding of factor VIII. Platelet membrane factor VIII-binding sites were characterized by flow cytometry using either fluorescein maleimide-labeled recombinant factor VIII or a fluorescein-labeled(More)