Gary E Gibson

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Reductions in cerebral metabolism sufficient to impair cognition in normal individuals also occur in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The degree of clinical disability in AD correlates closely to the magnitude of the reduction in brain metabolism. Therefore, we tested whether impairments in tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle enzymes of mitochondria correlate with(More)
Presenilin-1 (PS1) and -2 (PS2), which when mutated cause familial Alzheimer disease, have been localized to numerous compartments of the cell, including the endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi, nuclear envelope, endosomes, lysosomes, the plasma membrane, and mitochondria. Using three complementary approaches, subcellular fractionation, gamma-secretase activity(More)
The recent demonstration of K+ channel dysfunction in fibroblasts from Alzheimer disease (AD) patients and past observations of Ca(2+)-mediated K+ channel modulation during memory storage suggested that AD, which is characterized by memory loss and other cognitive deficits, might also involve dysfunction of intracellular Ca2+ mobilization. Bombesin-induced(More)
A report of cell loss in the nucleus basalis of Meynert in patients with Wernicke-Korsakoff disease prompted the examination of thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP)-dependent enzymes in the brain and peripheral tissues of patients with Alzheimer's disease. In these brains, the activities of the 2-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex were reduced more than 75% and(More)
Abundant evidence, including critical information gathered by Prof. Siegfried Hoyer and his colleagues, indicates that abnormalities of cerebral metabolism are common in neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's Disease (AD). Alterations in mitochondrial enzymes likely underlie these deficits. Replicable reductions in AD brain occur in the pyruvate(More)
Recent etiological study in twins (Tanner et al. 1999) strongly suggests that environmental factors play an important role in typical, non-familial Parkinson's disease (PD), beginning after age 50. Epidemiological risk factor analyses of typical PD cases have identified several neurotoxicants, including MPP(+) (the active metabolite of MPTP), paraquat,(More)
Alterations in amyloid precursor protein (APP) metabolism, calcium regulation, oxidative metabolism, and transduction systems have been implicated in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Limitations to the use of postmortem brain for examining molecular mechanisms underscore the need to develop a human tissue model representative of the pathophysiological processes(More)
Resveratrol, a polyphenol found in red wine, peanuts, soy beans, and pomegranates, possesses a wide range of biological effects. Since resveratrol's properties seem ideal for treating neurodegenerative diseases, its ability to diminish amyloid plaques was tested. Mice were fed clinically feasible dosages of resveratrol for forty-five days. Neither(More)
Thiamine deficiency (TD) is a model of chronic impairment of oxidative metabolism and selective neuronal loss. TD leads to region-specific neuronal death and elevation of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in macrophages/microglia in mouse brain. Identification of the initial site of neuronal death in the submedial thalamic nucleus allowed us to test(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest that abnormalities in oxidative metabolism and specifically in mitochondria may play an important role in Alzheimer's disease. Abnormalities of oxidative metabolism exist in this disorder. They have been demonstrated in brain studied in vivo, ex vivo (biopsies), at autopsy, and in non-neural tissues including cultured(More)