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Clinical studies have shown that the tyrosine kinase inhibitor STI571 effectively controls BCR-ABL-positive chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). However, disease progression while on STI571 therapy has been reported, suggesting de novo or intrinsic resistance to BCR-ABL-targeted therapy. To investigate possible mediators of acquired STI571 resistance, K562(More)
BACKGROUND Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) and global profiling of gene expression (microarrays) are two major technological breakthroughs that allow hypothesis-free identification of candidate genes associated with tumorigenesis. It is not obvious whether there is a consistency between the candidate genes identified by GWAS (GWAS genes) and those(More)
Overexpression of c-Met, the protein tyrosine kinase receptor for the hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor, has been implicated in the progression and metastasis of human colorectal carcinoma. To examine the role of c-Met on in vitro and in vivo growth of human colon tumor cell lines, stable subclones of the high metastatic human colorectal carcinoma(More)
While several new therapies are FDA-approved for bone-metastatic prostate cancer (PCa), patient survival has only improved marginally. Here, we report that chitosan nanoparticle-mediated delivery of miR-34a, a tumor suppressive microRNA that downregulates multiple gene products involved in PCa progression and metastasis, inhibited prostate tumor growth and(More)
Induction of G(2)/M phase transition in mitotic and meiotic cell cycles requires activation by phosphorylation of the protein phosphatase Cdc25. Although Cdc2/cyclin B and polo-like kinase (PLK) can phosphorylate and activate Cdc25 in vitro, phosphorylation by these two kinases is insufficient to account for Cdc25 activation during M phase induction. Here(More)
The tumor suppressor gene PTEN is a phosphoinositide phosphatase that is inactivated by deletion and/or mutation in diverse human tumors. Wild-type PTEN is expressed both in the cytoplasm and nucleus in normal cells, with a preferential nuclear localization in differentiated or resting cells. To elucidate the relationship between PTEN's subcellular(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple studies in recent years have identified highly tumorigenic populations of cells that drive tumor formation. These cancer stem cells (CSCs), or tumor-initiating cells (TICs), exhibit properties of normal stem cells and are associated with resistance to current therapies. As pancreatic adenocarcinoma is among the most resistant human(More)
Catechins are key components of teas that have antiproliferative properties. We investigated the effects of green tea catechins on intracellular signalling and VEGF induction in vitro in serum-deprived HT29 human colon cancer cells and in vivo on the growth of HT29 cells in nude mice. In the in vitro studies, (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), the most(More)
Overexpression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) has been observed in human colorectal cancer. COX-2 expression in human tumors can be induced by growth factors, cytokines, oncogenes, and other factors. The mechanisms regulating COX-2 expression in human colon cancer have not been completely elucidated. We hypothesized that the proinflammatory cytokine(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is the predominant pro-angiogenic cytokine in human malignancy, and its expression correlates with disease recurrence and poor outcomes in patients with colorectal cancer. Recently, expression of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors (VEGFRs) has been observed on tumours of epithelial origin, including those(More)