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Histoplasma capsulatum (Hc) maintains a phagosomal pH of about 6.5. This strategy allows Hc to obtain iron from transferrin, and minimize the activity of macrophage (Mo) lysosomal hydrolases. To determine the mechanism of pH regulation, we evaluated the function of the vacuolar ATPase (V-ATPase) in RAW264.7 Mo infected with Hc yeast or the nonpathogenic(More)
We have used the pH-dependent fluorochrome fluorescein-dextran (FD) to study the acidification of prelysosomal vacuoles (endosomes) and lysosomes isolated from cultured macrophages and fibroblasts. FD was internalized by pinocytosis under conditions that allowed its selective localization in endosomes (1- to 5-min pulse) or in lysosomes (5-min pulse, 30-min(More)
Diffuse axonal injury is a primary feature of head trauma and is one of the most frequent causes of mortality and morbidity. Diffuse axonal injury is microscopic in nature and difficult or impossible to detect with imaging techniques. The objective of the present study was to determine whether axonal injury in head trauma patients could be quantified by(More)
The activities of fumarase- and manganese-cofactored superoxide dismutase (SOD), encoded by the fumC and sodA genes in Pseudomonas aeruginosa, are elevated in mucoid, alginate-producing bacteria and in response to iron deprivation (D. J. Hassett, M. L. Howell, P. A. Sokol, M. L. Vasil, and G. E. Dean, J. Bacteriol. 179:1442-1451, 1997). In this study, a(More)
There is continued emphasis on increasing and improving genetics education for grades K-12, for medical professionals, and for the general public. Another critical audience is undergraduate students in introductory biology and genetics courses. To improve the learning of genetics, there is a need to first assess students' understanding of genetics concepts(More)
Using a coupled transport assay which detects only those ATPase molecules functionally inserted into the platelet dense granule membrane, we have characterized the inhibitor sensitivity, substrate specificity, and divalent cation requirements of the granule H+ pump. Under identical assay conditions, the granule ATPase was insensitive to concentrations of(More)
The precise function of subunit B of the vacuolar H(+)-ATPase class is unknown, but it is essential for proton pumping. We have previously reported the DNA sequence and predicted protein sequence of the vacuolar ATPase subunit B for Candida tropicalis (Gu, H.H., Gallagher, M.J., Rupkey, S. and Dean, G.E. (1990) Nucleic Acids Res. 18, 7446). When the Candida(More)
The motA and motB gene products of Escherichia coli are integral membrane proteins necessary for flagellar rotation. We determined the DNA sequence of the region containing the motA gene and its promoter. Within this sequence, there is an open reading frame of 885 nucleotides, which with high probability (98% confidence level) meets criteria for a coding(More)
The motB gene product of Escherichia coli is an integral membrane protein required for rotation of the flagellar motor. We have determined the nucleotide sequence of the motB region and find that it contains an open reading frame of 924 nucleotides which we ascribe to the motB gene. The predicted amino acid sequence of the gene product is 308 residues long(More)