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PURPOSE To develop a procedure using a noninvasive technique that will allow the investigation of choroidal blood flow (ChBF) regulation in discrete regions of the cat eye. Validation of this procedure will provide a method to study intrinsic, neural, and pharmacologic factors that regulate regional ChBF. METHODS The technique to measure ChBF is based on(More)
Multifocal ERGs (MERGs) of 5 adult monkeys (Macaca mulatta) with inner retinal defects caused by laser-induced glaucoma were compared to MERGs from 3 monkeys with inner retinal activity suppressed pharmacologically. MERGs were recorded with DTL fiber electrodes from anesthetized monkeys. Stimuli consisted of 103 equal size hexagons within 17 degrees of the(More)
PURPOSE Nitric oxide (NO) has been found to be an endothelial-derived relaxing factor mediating the vasodilatation that results from the stimulation of muscarinic endothelial receptors. It also has been identified as a putative neurotransmitter of parasympathetic origin in choroidal perivascular autonomic fibers. The authors investigated a potential role of(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the contribution to the photopic negative response (PhNR) of the electroretinogram (ERG) by retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). The PhNR was assessed longitudinally following optic nerve transection (ONTx). METHODS Photopic ERGs were recorded from each eye of an anesthetized (ketamine/xylazine, 60 mg/kg and 5 mg/kg) Brown Norway rat(More)
The prevalence and correlates of symptoms of depression in a Canadian urban sample were examined. A random sample of 524 respondents completed the CES-D scale and a variety of sociodemographic questions. In this Sample, 15% of the males and 19% of the females had scores above the depression cut-point of 16 on the CES-D scale. These rates were very similar(More)
In this study, depression among patients visiting general practitioners was examined by administering a short self-report measure of depression to 1,250 patients visiting 37 general practitioners in three Canadian centres (Winnipeg, Brandon and Virden). According to scores on the CES-D scale, 66.8% of the patients were judged to be normal, 11.8% were(More)