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Sperm motility initiation, capacitation, and hyperactivation are modulated by an interplay of intracellular Ca2+, cAMP, and pH. Mechanisms by which these mediators alter sperm function have not been elucidated but may involve reversible alterations in regulatory protein phosphorylation. Studies were designed 1) to investigate the influence of the protein(More)
Immotile bovine caput epididymal sperm contain levels of protein phosphatase activity twofold higher than do mature motile caudal sperm. Comparison of the inhibition profiles of endogenous phosphatase activities detected by okadaic acid (OA) and calyculin A (CA) revealed a pattern consistent with the predominance of a type 1 protein phosphatase (PP1).(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare cryopreservation of mature human oocytes with slow-rate freezing and vitrification and determine which is most efficient at establishing a pregnancy. DESIGN Prospective randomized. SETTING Academically affiliated, private fertility center. PATIENT(S) Consenting patients with concerns about embryo cryopreservation and more than(More)
During the last three decades, significant advances have been made in successful cryopreservation of mammalian preimplantation embryos, and more recently oocytes. The ability to cryopreserve, thaw, and establish pregnancies with supernumerary preimplantation embryos has become an important tool in fertility treatment. Human oocyte cryopreservation has(More)
Okadaic acid (OA) enhances the resumption of meiosis in mouse oocytes, indicating that serine/threonine protein phosphatase-1 (PP1) and/or PP2A is involved. However, specific identification of PP1 and/or PP2A in mouse oocytes has not been reported. Here we demonstrate that fully grown germinal vesicle-intact (GVI) mouse oocytes contain mRNA corresponding to(More)
The mammalian oocyte is notorious for high rates of chromosomal abnormalities. This results in subsequent embryonic aneuploidy, resulting in infertility and congenital defects. Therefore, understanding regulatory mechanisms involved in chromatin remodeling and chromosome segregation during oocyte meiotic maturation is imperative to fully understand the(More)
In the adult male Sprague-Dawley rat, a species commonly used to study tolerance to the antinociceptive effects of morphine, approximately 10% of the morphine dose is metabolized to normorphine-3-glucuronide (NM3G). In contrast, NM3G is a relatively minor metabolite of morphine in human urine reportedly accounting for approximately 1% of the morphine dose.(More)
BACKGROUND With the availability of ICSI, men with severe oligozoospermia (<5x10(6)/ml) are able to reproduce. Current methods for cryopreservation of severe oligozoospermic samples are labour intensive and costly. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether freezing small numbers of motile sperm (approximately 100) was feasible using cryoloops. (More)
As part of an 18-month carcinogenicity study, 680 Syrian hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) received daily gavage doses of fenazaquin, an experimental miticide. Mortality associated with severe enteritis was noticed beginning when the hamsters were 4 months old and ranged from one to five deaths per month until the hamsters were about 10 months old, when 41(More)