Gary D. Sandefur

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Many studies have reported significant empirical associations between family structure during childhood and children's outcomes later in life. It may be that living in a nonintact family has adverse consequences for children. On the other hand, it may be that some unobserved process jointly determines family structure and children's outcomes. How then(More)
Does the persistent increase in economic inequality among families and geographic areas have implications for the levels of educational attainment of children who have experienced this development? In this study, we consider this question using longitudinal data on about 1,200 children from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics. We observe these children over(More)
This paper reviews trends in poverty since the late 1960s. Poverty is as prevalent now as it was then. A good deal about the nature of poverty and our efforts to deal with it, however, has changed. The paper has three major themes. First, we note that urban poverty is no longer a predominantly black issue; the composition of the urban poor has changed(More)
Acknowledgments The authors gratefully acknowledge the assistance received in preparing this report. We thank Wolf is greatly appreciated. The research presented in this report is the product of the collaborative efforts of a large research team. The Principal Investigators thank our colleagues for their many contributions. We also thank our families, With(More)
This paper examines the utility of viewing migration in the context of work careers and family life cycles. We do this by studying migration as a discrete state, continuous time process. We find that the inverse relationship between age and migration is due almost completely to the effects of family life cycle and work career variables. Further, we find(More)
From the early 1980s through 2000, the number and the percentage of African American men in prison skyrocketed. This would be expected to have negative impacts on Black well-being, but Black child poverty generally decreased during this period. Using data from the U.S. Prison Census and the Current Population Survey for the period from 1983-1998, we examine(More)
With the introduction of Wisconsin Works (W-2) in 1997, Wisconsin initiated a radically new approach to public assistance for low-income families. W-2 replaced Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), the program that had previously offered cash to low-income, primarily single-parent families. W-2 participants are placed into one of four tiers of a "(More)