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A potato cysteine protease (cyp) cDNA expressed at an early stage of an incompatible interaction with Phytophthora infestans was isolated. Both the nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences are highly homologous to those of a tomato cysteine protease, CYP1. Striking protein similarity to all known cathepsins in animals, particularly cathepsin K, was also(More)
A potato gene encoding a putative WRKY protein was isolated from a cDNA library enriched by suppression subtractive hybridization for sequences upregulated 1 h postinoculation with Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica. The cDNA encodes a putative polypeptide of 172 amino acids, containing a single WRKY domain with a zinc finger motif and preceded by a(More)
ABSTRACT Plants can be induced to develop enhanced resistance to pathogen infection by treatment with a variety of abiotic and biotic inducers. Biotic inducers include infection by necrotizing pathogens and plant-growth-promoting rhizobacteria, and treatment with nonpathogens or cell wall fragments. Abiotic inducers include chemicals which act at various(More)
Suppression subtractive hybridisation was used to isolate 21 cDNAs ( bmi1- bmi21) up-regulated 1-5 h post-inoculation (hpi) in a barley ( Hordeum vulgare L. cv. Pallas) near-isogenic line (NIL) P11 ( Mla13) challenged with either avirulent or virulent isolates of Blumeria graminis f. sp. hordei. Transcriptional changes at these time-points are crucial for(More)
Infection of leaves of Arabidopsis thaliana with conidial suspensions of the necrotrophic pathogen Botrytis cinerea resulted in a large decrease in the level of ascorbic acid and increases in intensity of a single-peak free radical and Fe(III) (g=4.27) signals in electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra. These changes were not confined to the spreading(More)
For studies of differential gene expression in prokaryotes, methods for synthesizing representative cDNA populations are required. Here, a technique is described for the synthesis of cDNA from the potato pathogens Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica (Eca) and Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora (Ecc) using a combination of short oligonucleotide (11-mer)(More)
The role of active oxygen species has been studied in spreading soft-rot lesions caused by the necrotrophic fungal pathogen Botrytis cinerea Pers.:Fr. in leaves of four genotypes of French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Large increases were observed for the aldehydic end-products of oxidative damage, malondialdehyde and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal, as a result of(More)
Free radical adducts of the spin trap alpha-(4-pyridyl-1-oxide)-N-tert-butylnitrone have been observed by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy in detached fruits of Capsicum annuum investigated 5 days after infection with Botrytis cinerea. The spectra of these adducts were at a maximum within the soft rot lesion, but they could also be detected at(More)
DRASTIC--Database Resource for the Analysis of Signal Transduction In Cells (http://www.drastic.org.uk/) has been created as a first step towards a data-based approach for constructing signal transduction pathways. DRASTIC is a relational database of plant expressed sequence tags and genes up- or down-regulated in response to various pathogens, chemical(More)
The database The database currently contains approx 15,300 entries covering 70 plant species and 297 treatments. The database can be searched for published information on these ʻstress-responsiveʼ genes. Unknown genes 12% of entries in the database are described as 'unknown' function. The database is useful for linking together information on ESTs described(More)