Gary D. Lyon

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A potato cysteine protease (cyp) cDNA expressed at an early stage of an incompatible interaction with Phytophthora infestans was isolated. Both the nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences are highly homologous to those of a tomato cysteine protease, CYP1. Striking protein similarity to all known cathepsins in animals, particularly cathepsin K, was also(More)
ABSTRACT Plants can be induced to develop enhanced resistance to pathogen infection by treatment with a variety of abiotic and biotic inducers. Biotic inducers include infection by necrotizing pathogens and plant-growth-promoting rhizobacteria, and treatment with nonpathogens or cell wall fragments. Abiotic inducers include chemicals which act at various(More)
Heat-labile elicitors of phytoalexin accumulation in soybeans (Glycine max L. Merr. cv Wayne) were detected in culture filtrates of Erwinia carotovora grown on a defined medium containing citrus pectin as the sole carbon source. The heat-labile elicitors were highly purified by cation-exchange chromatography on a CM-Sephadex (C-50) column, followed by(More)
A potato gene encoding a putative WRKY protein was isolated from a cDNA library enriched by suppression subtractive hybridization for sequences upregulated 1 h postinoculation with Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica. The cDNA encodes a putative polypeptide of 172 amino acids, containing a single WRKY domain with a zinc finger motif and preceded by a(More)
Infection of leaves of Arabidopsis thaliana with conidial suspensions of the necrotrophic pathogen Botrytis cinerea resulted in a large decrease in the level of ascorbic acid and increases in intensity of a single-peak free radical and Fe(III) (g=4.27) signals in electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra. These changes were not confined to the spreading(More)
The role of active oxygen species has been studied in spreading soft-rot lesions caused by the necrotrophic fungal pathogen Botrytis cinerea Pers.:Fr. in leaves of four genotypes of French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Large increases were observed for the aldehydic end-products of oxidative damage, malondialdehyde and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal, as a result of(More)
Agrobacterium transformation systems forBrassica, Solanum andRubus, using carbenicillin, cefotaxime and ticaracillin respectively to eliminate contamination, were examined for the presence of residualAgrobacterium. The results indicated that none of the antibiotics in question, succeeded in eliminatingAgrobacterium and the contamination levels increased in(More)
Hypocotyl-derived calli of genotypes and segregating populations of Coffea arabica, differing in susceptibility to Colletotrichum kahawae, were used to produce cell suspensions and protoplasts which were exposed to partially purified culture filtrates (PPCFs) prepared from the pathogen. The growth and viability of PPCF-treated cells and protoplasts were(More)
Evidence is presented that a number of mechanisms are involved in the resistance of commercial cultivars of potato to soft rottingErwinia spp. These include phytoalexins, phenolics, cell wall modification, and possibly proteins. The role of elicitor-active oligogalacturonides, which are released from plant cell walls by pectic enzymes, is discussed.