Gary D. Lopaschuk

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The unique metabolic profile of cancer (aerobic glycolysis) might confer apoptosis resistance and be therapeutically targeted. Compared to normal cells, several human cancers have high mitochondrial membrane potential (DeltaPsim) and low expression of the K+ channel Kv1.5, both contributing to apoptosis resistance. Dichloroacetate (DCA) inhibits(More)
There is a constant high demand for energy to sustain the continuous contractile activity of the heart, which is met primarily by the beta-oxidation of long-chain fatty acids. The control of fatty acid beta-oxidation is complex and is aimed at ensuring that the supply and oxidation of the fatty acids is sufficient to meet the energy demands of the heart.(More)
The alterations in myocardial energy substrate metabolism that occur in heart failure, and the causes and consequences of these abnormalities, are poorly understood. There is evidence to suggest that impaired substrate metabolism contributes to contractile dysfunction and to the progressive left ventricular remodeling that are characteristic of the heart(More)
Previous studies have suggested that insulin resistance develops secondary to diminished fat oxidation and resultant accumulation of cytosolic lipid molecules that impair insulin signaling. Contrary to this model, the present study used targeted metabolomics to find that obesity-related insulin resistance in skeletal muscle is characterized by excessive(More)
Recent evidence has defined an important role for PPARalpha in the transcriptional control of cardiac energy metabolism. To investigate the role of PPARalpha in the genesis of the metabolic and functional derangements of diabetic cardiomyopathy, mice with cardiac-restricted overexpression of PPARalpha (MHC-PPAR) were produced and characterized. The(More)
We determined whether high fatty acid oxidation rates during aerobic reperfusion of ischemic hearts could be explained by a decrease in malonyl-CoA levels, which would relieve inhibition of carnitine palmitoyl-transferase 1, the rate-limiting enzyme involved in mitochondrial uptake of fatty acids. Isolated working rat hearts perfused with 1.2 mM palmitate(More)
It is now clear that the availability of different metabolic substrates can have a profound influence on the extent of damage incurred during episodes of cardiac ischaemia, and on cardiac functional recovery on reperfusion following ischaemia. In particular, increases in fatty acid availability and oxidation, compared to glucose oxidation, under such(More)
Trimetazidine is a clinically effective antianginal agent that has no negative inotropic or vasodilator properties. Although it is thought to have direct cytoprotective actions on the myocardium, the mechanism(s) by which this occurs is as yet undefined. In this study, we determined what effects trimetazidine has on both fatty acid and glucose metabolism in(More)
Ketone bodies become major body fuels during fasting and consumption of a high-fat, low-carbohydrate (ketogenic) diet. Hyperketonemia is associated with potential health benefits. Ketone body synthesis (ketogenesis) is the last recognizable step of lipid energy metabolism, a pathway that links dietary lipids and adipose triglycerides to the Krebs cycle and(More)
The contribution of glycolysis and oxidative metabolism to ATP production was determined in isolated working hypertrophied hearts perfused with Krebs-Henseleit buffer containing 3% albumin, 0.4 mM palmitate, 0.5 mM lactate, and 11 mM glucose. Glycolysis and glucose oxidation were directly measured by perfusing hearts with [5-3H/U-14C]glucose and by(More)