Gary D Gardner

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OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between a micropulse vibration device and pain perception during orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study was a parallel group, randomized clinical trial. A total of 58 patients meeting eligibility criteria were assigned using block allocation to one of two groups: an experimental group using the(More)
A kindred contained at least 18 members with visceral myopathy. Sixteen had symptoms of chronic obstruction of the gastrointestinal or urinary tracts. Of six patients with megaduodenum on contrast roentgenograms, two were asymptomatic. Four patients had redundant colon on barium enema, and four had megacystis. Specimens from duodenum, jejunum, ileum, colon,(More)
The antimicrobial effects of ofloxacin, alone and in combination with either rifampicin or rifabutin, were evaluated against M. leprae, using in vitro cell-free culture system. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of ofloxacin against M. leprae was 1.5 micrograms/ml, while MICs of rifampicin and rifabutin were 0.4 and 0.2 microgram/ml, respectively.(More)
The antimicrobial effects of a new benzylamine, ME-93 (N-methyl-3,5-dichloro-benzylamine hydrochloride), alone and in combination with dapsone and rifampicin, have been evaluated in vitro in cell-free culture system and in vivo in mouse foot pad system. Even at 50 micrograms/ml, ME-93 did not completely inhibit the in vitro growth of M. leprae, and the(More)
The new in vitro screening system reported earlier was adopted to determine anti-M. leprae activity of a dihydrofolate reductase inhibitor, brodimoprim, and the results were compared with those obtained using mouse foot-pad technique. Even though the MIC of brodimoprim against M. leprae was very high compared to other commonly used anti-leprosy drugs, in(More)
In a kindred with a familial visceral myopathy, seven patients had operations seeking relief of chronic abdominal pain and other symptoms of intestinal obstruction; one patient had an 80% cystectomy and a Y-V-plasty of the bladder neck for urinary retention. Five patients with megaduodenum had bypass operations; a side-to-side duodenojejunostomy was done in(More)
Clear thermoplastic retainers are an alternative to fixed lingual retainers and removable Hawley appliances. However, thermoplastic retainers have demonstrated poor wear resistance and durability after only a few months of use. In this study, a simulated wear device was used to compare the wear of different thermoplastic materials used for orthodontic(More)