Gary D. Butcher

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Recurrent outbreaks of histomoniasis in flocks of 4-to-6-week-old white leghorn pullets is reported. In a typical outbreak, 5% of the pullets were stunted and listless with unkempt feathers. Mortality ranged from 2 to 3%, and the cull rate was approximately 2%. Ceca of affected chickens contained caseous cores. Histological examination of the ceca revealed(More)
Serum (n = 1,636) and egg yolk (n = 802) samples collected from hens on four commercial egg farms in Florida were tested for the presence of specific antibodies to Mycoplasma gallisepticum in a commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. No significant differences were noted between serum and egg yolk samples with respect to distribution of(More)
The effects of addition of bacitracin methylene disalicylate (BMD) or virginiamycin (VM) to a corn-soybean meal diet on broiler performance and gastrointestinal tract (GIT) growth parameters and morphology were studied at various ages during growth and finishing. Male and female birds were killed at 1, 3, 5, or 7 wk of age for gross and histologic(More)
Two experiments were conducted with chicks to examine the effect of high dietary levels of soluble sources of Zn on tissue Zn, Cu, and Fe concentrations as influenced by two methods of oral Zn administration from 14 to 21 d of age. Treatments included the basal diet (62 ppm Zn), basal diet supplemented with 1,000 ppm Zn from Zn sulfate, acetate, or chloride(More)
One hundred budgerigars (Melopsittacus undulatus) were infected in the nares (0.02 ml/naris), eye (0.02 ml/eye), and throat (0.2 ml) with Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) R strain (3.175 x 10(7) colony-forming units/ml). Fifty birds were treated with sterile broth and served as the controls; 25 of those were exposed to an inhalant, and the others were not(More)
A field study was designed to determine the prevalence of subclinical infectious bursal disease (IBD) in broiler chickens from a commercial poultry company. Bursae of Fabricius (BF) from two vaccinated and three nonvaccinated broiler flocks were evaluated histologically, and antibody profiles of these broiler and matched parent breeder flocks were(More)
A nephropathogenic Massachusetts strain of infectious bronchitis virus, designated H13-IB virus, was isolated from the kidneys of broilers in a commercial flock. Respiratory distress, diarrhea, depression, and high mortality were present. Gross renal lesions consisted of pale coloration, mottling, urate deposition, and swelling. The trachea contained a(More)
The antigenic diversity of ten strains of avian infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) was examined by Western blot analyses using polyclonal antisera specific for the Massachusetts 41 (M41), Gray, Arkansas DPI (Ark DPI), Connecticut (Conn) and Australian T (Aust T) serotypes. Although antigenic variation was found in all three structural viral proteins, the(More)
A nephropathogenic Massachusetts strain of infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) designated H13-IBV was isolated from the kidneys of commercial broilers. H13-IBV caused respiratory distress, depression, and diarrhea in specific-pathogen-free chickens. Gross renal lesions included pale coloration, swelling, and urate deposition. Histologic renal changes were(More)
The relationship between delayed onset of oviposition and involution of the bursa of Fabricius is described. Chickens studied were 26 weeks of age and had not come into production. The bursae of nonlaying chickens were compared with those of age-matched chickens that had laid the first egg 1, 9 to 11, or 24 days before. The bursae from the nonlaying(More)