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A phantom that can be used for mapping geometric distortion in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is described. This phantom provides an array of densely distributed control points in three-dimensional (3D) space. These points form the basis of a comprehensive measurement method to correct for geometric distortion in MR images arising principally from(More)
Recently, a 3D phantom that can provide a comprehensive and accurate measurement of the geometric distortion in MRI has been developed. Using this phantom, a full assessment of the geometric distortion in a number of clinical MRI systems (GE and Siemens) has been carried out and detailed results are presented in this paper. As expected, the main source of(More)
In this paper, we present the correction of the geometric distortion measured in the clinical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) systems reported in the preceding paper (Part I) using a 3D method based on the phantom-mapped geometric distortion data. This method allows the correction to be made on phantom images acquired without or with the vendor correction(More)
We present global and regional rates of brain atrophy measured on serially acquired T1-weighted brain MR images for a group of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients and age-matched normal control (NC) subjects using the analysis procedure described in Part I. Three rates of brain atrophy: the rate of atrophy in the cerebrum, the rate of lateral ventricular(More)
Magnetic resonance histology (MRH) has become a widespread tool to examine brain morphology in situ or ex vivo. Samples are routinely fixed and stained to allow for longer scan times with increased contrast and resolution. Although the zebrafish is an important model for neuroscience, to date most MRH studies have focused almost exclusively on mice. In this(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether liver fat percent (LFP) is associated with the metabolic syndrome independently of visceral fat area (VFA). METHODS 43 High-risk vascular patients not on lipid-lowering therapy were evaluated for the Adult Treatment Panel III (ATPIII) metabolic syndrome criteria and underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to quantify VFA(More)
Evidence from epidemiology suggests that developmental vitamin D (DVD) deficiency is associated with an increased risk of schizophrenia. DVD deficiency in rats is associated with altered brain morphology and enhanced hyperlocomotion in response to MK-801 and amphetamine. The aim of this study was to determine if similar phenotypes were associated with DVD(More)
BACKGROUND Visceral Fat Area (VFA) is an independent predictor of coronary disease. While low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is used to determine risk and guide therapy, its accuracy fails in obese patients who may have low LDL-C despite high VFA. OBJECTIVE We sought to describe the relationship between VFA, LDL-C and to describe shifting(More)
When correlating brain areas with behavioral and environmental characteristics, a variety of techniques are employed. In fishes (elasmobranchs and teleosts), 2 methods, histology and the idealized ellipsoid and/or half-ellipsoid technique, are primarily used to calculate the volume of a brain area and therefore its relationship to social or ecological(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an established technique for morphological imaging of the central nervous system. Despite its prevalent use in a range of taxa, few studies exist on the brains of teleosts. In this study, we present a detailed analysis of a teleost brain using high-resolution MRI. Images were acquired from a Bruker 16.4 T vertical magnet(More)