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BACKGROUND Atherosclerotic renovascular disease is increasingly recognized as an important cause of renal failure in patients over 60 years of age but the processes leading to renal dysfunction have not been defined. We have examined the relationship between renal artery stenosis and individual renal function in patients with atherosclerotic renal artery(More)
BACKGROUND Tumor spatial heterogeneity is an important prognostic factor, which may be reflected in medical images METHODS Image texture analysis is an approach of quantifying heterogeneity that may not be appreciated by the naked eye. Different methods can be applied including statistical-, model-, and transform-based methods. RESULTS Early evidence(More)
Breast cancer remains a significant scientific, clinical and societal challenge. This gap analysis has reviewed and critically assessed enduring issues and new challenges emerging from recent research, and proposes strategies for translating solutions into practice. More than 100 internationally recognised specialist breast cancer scientists, clinicians and(More)
The clinical applications of (18)F-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose ((18)FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) in oncology are becoming established. While simple static scanning techniques are used for the majority of routine clinical examinations, increasing use of PET in clinical trials to monitor treatment response with (18)FDG and novel tracers reflecting(More)
BACKGROUND A qualitative assessment of conventional bone scintigraphy with 99mTc methylene diphosphonate is perceived as an insensitive method for monitoring the treatment response of bone metastases, and we postulated that semi-quantitative 18F-fluoride positron emission tomography (PET) might serve as a suitable alternative biomarker of the treatment(More)
Imaging of cancer with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18F-FDG PET) has become a standard component of diagnosis and staging in oncology, and is becoming more important as a quantitative monitor of individual response to therapy. In this article we investigate the challenging problem of predicting a patient's response to neoadjuvant(More)
Imaging biomarkers (IBs) are integral to the routine management of patients with cancer. IBs used daily in oncology include clinical TNM stage, objective response and left ventricular ejection fraction. Other CT, MRI, PET and ultrasonography biomarkers are used extensively in cancer research and drug development. New IBs need to be established either as(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the effect of the combined treatment of photodynamic therapy and specific VEGF165 inhibition with pegaptanib sodium (Macugen; Eyetech Pharmaceuticals, Lexington, MA) on ocular neovascularization. METHODS Photodynamic therapy's (PDT's) effects on the integrity of pegaptanib sodium were analyzed by HPLC, a VEGF165-binding assay, and a(More)