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Previous studies showed that the keratan sulfate-containing proteoglycans of bovine corneal stroma contain three unique core proteins designated 37A, 37B, and 25 (Funderburgh, J. L., Funderburgh, M. L., Mann, M. M., and Conrad, G. W. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 14226-14231). Degenerate oligonucleotides designed from amino acid sequences of the 37A protein(More)
PURPOSE Treatment of de-epithelialized human corneas with riboflavin (RF) + long-wavelength ultraviolet light (UVA; RFUVA) increases corneal stroma tensile strength significantly. RFUVA treatment retards the progression of keratoconus, perhaps by cross-linking of collagen molecules, but exact molecular mechanisms remain unknown. Research described here(More)
Bovine cornea contains three unique keratan sulfate proteoglycans (KSPGs), of which two (lumican and keratocan) have been characterized using molecular cloning. The gene for the third protein (KSPG25) has not been identified. This study examined the relationship between the KSPG25 protein and the gene for osteoglycin, a 12-kDa bone glycoprotein. The(More)
PURPOSE To study the role of mimecan, a member of the small leucine-rich proteoglycans (SLRPs) gene family and one of the major components of the cornea and other connective tissues, mice that lack a functional mimecan gene were generated and characterized. METHODS Mimecan-deficient mice were generated by gene-targeting using standard techniques. Mice(More)
Lumican is one of the major keratan sulfate proteoglycans (KSPG) in vertebrate corneas. We previously cloned the murine lumican cDNA. This study determines the structure of murine lumican gene (Lum) and its expression during mouse embryonic developments. The mouse lumican gene was isolated from a bacterial artificial chromosome mouse genomic DNA library and(More)
Three antibodies reacting with corneal keratan sulfate proteoglycan were used to detect antigenically related molecules in 11 bovine and 13 embryonic chick tissues. Two monoclonal antibodies recognized sulfated epitopes on the keratan sulfate chain and a polyclonal antibody bound antigenic sites on the core protein of corneal keratan sulfate proteoglycan.(More)
Antibodies to corneal keratan sulfate proteoglycan (KSPG) were used to characterize the pattern of KSPG accumulation during differentiation of neural crest cells in the stroma of embryonic chick cornea. Immunohistochemistry with monoclonal antibody I22 to keratan sulfate found this KSPG antigen localized inside stromal cells at stage 29 (Day 6), ca. 12 hr(More)
Keratocytes of the corneal stroma produce a specialized extracellular matrix responsible for corneal transparency. Corneal keratan sulfate proteoglycans (KSPG) are unique products of keratocytes that are down-regulated in corneal wounds and in vitro. This study used cultures of primary bovine keratocytes to define factors affecting KSPG expression in vitro.(More)
PURPOSE Keratan sulfate proteoglycans (KSPGs) in the corneal stroma are believed to influence collagen fibrillar arrangement. This study was performed to investigate the fibrillar architecture of the corneal stroma in mice homozygous for a null mutation in the corneal KSPG, mimecan. METHODS Wild-type (n = 9) and mimecan-deficient (n = 10) mouse corneas(More)