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We measured chest wall "pathway impedances" (ratios of pressure changes to rates of volume displacement at the surface) with esophageal and gastric balloons and inductance plethysmographic belts around the rib cage and abdomen during forced volume oscillations (5% vital capacity, 0.5-4 Hz) at the mouth of five relaxed, seated subjects. Volume displacements(More)
From measurements of airway and esophageal pressures and flow, we calculated the elastance and resistance of the total respiratory system (Ers and Rrs), chest wall (Ecw and Rcw), and lungs (EL and RL) in 11 anesthetized-paralyzed patients immediately before cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass and immediately after chest closure at the end of(More)
We evaluated the effect of pulmonary edema on the frequency (f) and tidal volume (VT) dependences of respiratory system mechanical properties in the normal ranges of breathing. We measured resistance and elastance of the lungs (RL and EL) and chest wall of four anesthetized-paralyzed dogs during sinusoidal volume oscillations at the trachea (50-300 ml,(More)
To test an approach for measuring respiratory system resistance (R) and elastance (E) during non-sinusoidal forcing, we measured airway and esophageal pressures and flow at the trachea of 9 anesthetized-paralyzed dogs during sinusoidal forcing (SF) and 4 types of non-sinusoidal forcings at 0.15 and 0.6 Hz and 300 ml tidal volume. During SF, calculations of(More)
The respiratory system has been shown to exhibit nonlinear mechanical properties in the frequency (f) range of normal breathing, manifested by tidal volume (Vt) dependence. Calculations of respiratory system resistance (R) and elastance (E) from pressure-flow measurements during external forcing at a given f may be ambiguous, especially if non-sinusoidal(More)
We recorded the responses of 21 slowly adapting pulmonary stretch receptors (PSRs) and 8 rapidly adapting pulmonary stretch receptors (RARs) from the vagi of anesthetized open-chest dogs to high-frequency ventilation (HFV) at 15 Hz, at constant mean end-expiratory lung volume, and constant end-tidal PCO2. HFV applied in this way has been shown to prolong(More)
Little is known about the fate of inhaled aerosol particles in birds; even the anatomical location of phagocytic cells within the lungs has yet to be clearly demonstrated. We exposed 2 anesthetized, spontaneously breathing ducks to a non-toxic iron oxide aerosol (aerodynamic mass mean diameter = 0.18 micron; 460 mg/m3) for 1.75 h and 2 awake, resting ducks(More)
We measured oxygen consumption (VO2), carbon dioxide production (VCO2), minute volume (VE), respiratory frequency (f) and tidal volume (VT) of chickens during 15 min treadmill exercise at 0.5 ms-1 and 0.8 ms-1 at thermoneutral (23 degrees C), low (9 degrees C) and high (34 degrees C) ambient temperature (Ta); the vertebral canal was cooled to 34 degrees C(More)
To understand how bical mechanical chest wall (CW) properties are related to those of the CW as a whole, we measured esophageal and gastric pressures, CW volume changes (measured with a head-out body plethysmograph), and anteroposterior and transverse CW diameter changes (measured with magnetometers attached to the surface) during sinusoidal forcing at the(More)
The log files of MCW HealthLink web site were analyzed to study users' needs for consumer health information and get a better understanding of the health topics users are searching for, the paths users usually take to find consumer health information and the way to improve search effectiveness. Introduction HealthLink (http://healthlink.mcw.eduf), a(More)