Gary B. Glavin

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The effects of exposure to four environmental rearing conditions on subsequent voluntary ethanol intake and response to immobilization stress were examined. Male weanling rats were reared in an enriched environment, with a female partner, with a male partner, or individually, for 90 days. At 111 days of age, voluntary consumption of ethanol in increasing(More)
Gastric ulcer is a multifaceted, pluricausal illness. Knowledge of the pathophysiology of gastric ulcer disease remains incomplete. Current pharmacological management of gastric ulceration is directed primarily at the reduction or neutralization of gastric acid secretion despite evidence that patients with this disease often exhibit normal gastric secretory(More)
Dopamine is an important enteric neuromodulator. Herein we review the data that support a role for dopaminergic involvement in experimental duodenal and gastric ulceration; gastric, pancreatic, and duodenal secretion; gastrointestinal motility; and gastric and intestinal submucosal blood flow regulation. There also is support for a role for dopamine and(More)
Since the publication of our initial review of restraint stress in 1986, much work has continued with this technique, either as a tool for the investigation of other pharmacological, physiological, or pathologic phenomena or with restraint stress itself serving as the object of the study. As we noted in 1986, the major use of restraint has been for the(More)
The effects of exposure to an enriched environment on subsequent voluntary ethanol intake and response to restraint stress were examined. Rats at 21 days of age were reared in an enriched environment for 90 days. Non-enriched animals were reared individually in standard laboratory cages. Following an initial 36 day ethanol exposure period, voluntary ethanol(More)
Female rats which were exposed to supine restraint plus cold for 3 hr and were able to bite a passing nylon brush, developed fewer gastric lesions as compared to control rats which were similarly restrained but did not have access to the aggressive biting response. A second study, wherein rats were exposed to two restraint sessions, replicated the results(More)
Male Wistar rats were starved for 12 hr and then subjected to either 2 hr of wire mesh "envelope" restraint at room temperature; 2 hr of supine restraint in a specially constructed harness at room temperature or were not restrained. Eight brain regions were examined for NA level and the level of its major metabolite, MHPG-SO4. Plasma corticosterone and(More)
1. Thioperamide (TP), an imidazole and a highly potent, specific antagonist of the histamine H3 receptor, inhibited the secretion of cortisol from bovine isolated adrenocortical cells (IC50 0.20 microM) and in the rat (5 mg kg-1) prevented both basal and stress-induced secretion of corticosterone. 2. In adrenocortical microsomes, low affinity binding of(More)
Noradrenergic neural systems have been expressly implicated in pathophysiological conditions induced by stress. The majority of experimental evidence supports a central role for brain noradrenaline in mediating the effects of stress and predisposing an organism to stress pathology as well as in producing a well-documented consequence of stress(More)
The use of restraint or immobilization for investigations of animal physiology, pathology and pharmacology has an extensive history. The major use of this technique has been as a "stressor" for the induction of stress response syndromes in animals. Many such syndromes have been characterized from the behavioral level to the neurochemical concomitants of(More)