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A KEY Objective Force premise is to achieve a significant increase in operating tempo (OPTEMPO). Fundamental to increased OP-TEMPO is gathering, integrating, and applying information that helps military planners anticipate and counter threats before an adversary can act. To act faster than the enemy can, the Army currently uses a procedural and cumbersome… (More)
We review the progress of naturalistic decision making (NDM) in the decade since the ®rst conference on the subject in 1989. After setting out a brief history of NDM we identify its essential characteristics and consider ®ve of its main contributions: recognition primed decisions, coping with uncertainty, team decision making, decision errors, and… (More)
In recent years there have been a number of studies of decision making in naturalistic environments such as nuclear power plants, urban fire departments, command-and-control centers, and courtrooms. These studies provide a different perspective on decision strategies from laboratory studies that rely on naive subjects performing relatively context-free… (More)
NOTE: The findings in this Technical Report are not to be construed as an official Department of the Army position, unless so designated by other authorized documents.