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1. Aquaporins (AQPs) are targets for drug discovery for basic research and medicine. Human diseases involving fluid imbalances and oedema are of major concern and involve tissues in which AQPs are expressed. The range of functional properties of AQPs is continuing to expand steadily with ongoing research in the field. 2. Gating domains in AQPs are molecular(More)
In the present study we characterize key activities of an agent designed to simultaneously inhibit angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) and neutral endopeptidase (NEP). MDL 100,240 is a thioester prodrug of MDL 100,173, which is a potent competitive inhibitor of both ACE and NEP in vitro. MDL 100,240 was shown in an ex vivo study to inhibit both of these(More)
Aquaporin (AQP) water channels, essential for fluid homeostasis, are expressed in perivascular brain end-feet regions of astroglia (AQP4) and in choroid plexus (AQP1). At a high concentration, the loop diuretic bumetanide has been shown to reduce rat brain edema after ischemic stroke by blocking Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl(-) cotransport. We hypothesized that an(More)
B-Raf protein kinase, which is a key signaling molecule in the RAS-RAF-MEK-ERK signaling pathway, plays an important role in many cancers. The B-Raf V600E mutation represents the most frequent oncogenic kinase mutation known and is responsible for increased kinase activity in approximately 7% of all human cancers, establishing B-Raf as an important(More)
The scaffold of 3,5-diaryl-1H-pyrazole was selected as a molecular template to synthesize novel growth-inhibitory agents in the present study. Our findings suggested that analogs bearing electron-withdrawing groups on one ring while electron-donating groups on another reveal significant activities. In particular, 26 bearing a 1,1'-biphenyl moiety displayed(More)
Pancreatic carcinoma is the fourth leading cause of death from cancer. Novel targets and therapeutic options are needed to aid in the treatment of pancreatic cancer. The compound UA62784 is a novel fluorenone with inhibitory activity against the centromere protein E (CENP-E) kinesin-like protein. UA62784 was isolated due to its selectivity in isogenic(More)
The synthesis and optimization of a series of orally bioavailable 1-(1H-indol-4-yl)-3,5-disubstituted benzene analogues as antimitotic agents are described. A functionalized dibromobenzene intermediate was used as a key scaffold, which when modified by sequential Suzuki coupling and Buchwald-Hartwig amination provided a flexible entry to(More)
Sparsomycin, ScRs configuration, was the most potent of the four possible stereoisomers as a competitive inhibitor of peptide bond formation. In addition, the configuration of the two chiral centers dictated whether the compound exhibited time- and temperature-dependent inhibition of peptidyl transferase when incubated with polysomes prior to enzyme assay.(More)
Aquaporin-1 (AQP1) facilitates the osmotic transport of water across the capillary endothelium, among other cell types, and thereby has a substantial role in ultrafiltration during peritoneal dialysis. At present, pharmacologic agents that enhance AQP1-mediated water transport, which would be expected to increase the efficiency of peritoneal dialysis, are(More)