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Fish that live in the polar oceans survive at low temperatures by virtue of 'antifreeze' plasma proteins in the blood that bind to ice crystals and prevent these from growing. However, the antifreeze proteins isolated so far from the winter flounder (Pleuronectes americanus), a common fish in the Northern Hemisphere, are not sufficiently active to protect(More)
A cDNA clone encoding a presumptive antifreeze protein was isolated from a skin library from shorthorn sculpin, Myoxocephalus scorpius. The clone encodes a 92-residue mature polypeptide (sssAFP-2) without any signal and prosequence, which suggests an intracellular localization. It is the largest alanine-rich, alpha-helical type I antifreeze protein known. A(More)
Should growth hormone (GH) transgenic Atlantic salmon escape, there may be the potential for ecological and genetic impacts on wild populations. This study compared the developmental rate and respiratory metabolism of GH transgenic and non-transgenic full sibling Atlantic salmon during early ontogeny; a life history period of intense selection that may(More)
Alanine-rich α-helical (type I) antifreeze proteins (AFPs) are produced by a variety of fish species from three different orders to protect against freezing in icy seawater. Interspersed amongst and within these orders are fishes making AFPs that are completely different in both sequence and structure. The origin of this variety of types I, II, III and(More)
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