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Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-specific syndrome that causes substantial maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. The etiology is incompletely understood, and there is no clinically useful screening test. Current metabolomic technologies have allowed the establishment of metabolic signatures of preeclampsia in early pregnancy. Here, a 2-phase(More)
High glucose levels in the peripheral nervous system (PNS) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic neuropathy (DN). However, our understanding of the molecular mechanisms that cause the marked distal pathology is incomplete. We performed a comprehensive, system-wide analysis of the PNS of a rodent model of DN. We integrated proteomics and(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Treatment with the Cu(II)-selective chelator triethylenetetramine (TETA) improves cardiovascular disease in human patients, and cardiac and vascular/renal disease in rats used as a model of diabetes. Here we tested two hypotheses: first, that TETA elicits greater improvement in organ function than less Cu-selective transition-metal-targeted(More)
The ability of signaling via the JNK (c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase)/stress-activated protein kinase cascade to stimulate or inhibit DNA synthesis in primary cultures of adult rat hepatocytes was examined. Treatment of hepatocytes with media containing hyperosmotic glucose (75 mM final), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha, 1 ng/ml final), and hepatocyte(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examines the extent to which the contractile deficit of diabetic cardiomyopathy is due to altered Ca(2+) homeostasis. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Measurements of isometric force and intracellular calcium ([Ca(2+)](i), using fura-2/AM) were made in left ventricular (LV) trabeculae from rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes and(More)
Heart disease is the major cause of death in diabetes, a disorder characterized by chronic hyperglycemia and cardiovascular complications. Although altered systemic regulation of transition metals in diabetes has been the subject of previous investigation, it is not known whether changed transition metal metabolism results in heart disease in common forms(More)
The prevalence, and associated healthcare burden, of diabetes mellitus is increasing worldwide. Mortality and morbidity are associated with diabetic complications in multiple organs and tissues, including the eye, kidney and cardiovascular system, and new therapeutics to treat these complications are required urgently. Triethylenetetramine (TETA) is one(More)
BACKGROUND Adiponectin is an adipokine possessing beneficial effects on obesity-related medical complications. A negative association of adiponectin levels with breast cancer development has been demonstrated. However, the precise role of adiponectin deficiency in mammary carcinogenesis remains elusive. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS In the present study,(More)
Preeclampsia is a common pregnancy complication that is an important cause of preterm birth and fetal growth restriction. Because there is no diagnostic test yet available for preeclampsia, we used a proteomic approach to identify novel serum/plasma biomarkers for this condition. We conducted case control studies comparing nulliparous women who developed(More)
OBJECTIVE Aggregation of human amylin/islet amyloid polypeptide (hA/hIAPP) into small soluble beta-sheet-containing oligomers is linked to islet beta-cell degeneration and the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. Here, we used tetracycline, which modifies hA/hIAPP oligomerization, to probe mechanisms whereby hA/hIAPP causes diabetes in hemizygous(More)