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Adiponectin has recently been shown to be a promising candidate for the treatment of obesity-associated metabolic syndromes. Replenishment of recombinant adiponectin in mice can decrease hyperglycemia, reverse insulin resistance, and cause sustained weight loss without affecting food intake. Here we report its potential roles in alcoholic and nonalcoholic(More)
Urea movement across plasma membranes is modulated by specialized transporter proteins that are products of two genes, termed UT-A and UT-B. These proteins play key roles in the urinary concentrating mechanism and fluid homeostasis. We have isolated and characterized a 1.4-kb cDNA from testes encoding a new isoform (UT-A5) belonging to the UT-A transporter(More)
Specialized transporter proteins that are the products of two closely related genes, UT-A (Slc14a2) and UT-B (Slc14a1), modulate the movement of urea across cell membranes. The purpose of this study was to characterize the mouse variants of two major products of the UT-A gene, UT-A1 and UT-A2. Screening a mouse kidney inner medulla cDNA library yielded(More)
OBJECTIVE Circulating levels of adiponectin are low in obesity and metabolic disorders associated with increasing fat mass including insulin resistance and dyslipidemia. Body fat stores may be positively related to intake of dietary fat, but little is known of mechanisms by which serum adiponectin may be regulated through diet. We investigated acute effects(More)
The blood-seminiferous tubule barrier is responsible for maintaining the unique microenvironment conducive to spermatogenesis. A key feature of the blood-testis barrier is selective permeability to solutes and water transport, conferred by the Sertoli cells of the seminiferous tubules (SMTs). Movement of fluid into the lumen of the seminiferous tubule is(More)
Adiponectin, an adipocyte-specific secretory protein, is present in serum as three oligomeric complexes. Apart from its roles as an anti-diabetic and anti-atherogenic hormone, adiponectin has been implicated as an important regulator of cell growth and tissue remodeling. Here we show that some of these functions might be mediated by the specific(More)
Urea excretion by the gulf toadfish (Opsanus beta) has been shown in previous studies to be a highly pulsatile facilitated transport, with excretion probably occurring at the gill. The present study reports the isolation of an 1800 base pair (kb) cDNA from toadfish gill with one open reading frame putatively encoding a 475-residue protein, the toadfish urea(More)
Heart disease is the major cause of death in diabetes, a disorder characterized by chronic hyperglycemia and cardiovascular complications. Although altered systemic regulation of transition metals in diabetes has been the subject of previous investigation, it is not known whether changed transition metal metabolism results in heart disease in common forms(More)
We recently showed that treatment with the Cu(II)-selective chelator, trientine, alleviates heart failure in diabetic rats, improves left ventricular hypertrophy in humans with type 2 diabetes, and increases urinary Cu excretion in both diabetic rats and humans compared with nondiabetic control subjects. In this study, we characterized the homeostasis of Cu(More)
Human amylin (hA), a 37-amino-acid polypeptide, is one of a number of peptides with the ability to form amyloid fibrils and cause disease. It is the main constituent of the pancreatic amyloid deposits associated with type 2 diabetes. Increasing interest in early assembly intermediates rather than the mature fibrils as the cytotoxic agent has led to this(More)