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High-voltage transmission electron microscopy and cryo-ultramicrotomy together with scanning electron microscopy and some conventional transmission electron microscopy of ultrathin sections have been applied to the mucous surfaces of bovine olfactory and respiratory epithelia. Distal segments of olfactory cilia tend to run in parallel and could be followed(More)
For certain odorants, the amplitude of the rat electro-olfactogram is reduced if the olfactory epithelium is treated with the lectin concanavalin A. When normal and cycloalkanes of one to ten carbon atoms are used as odorants at equimolar concentration, the maximum reduction in amplitude is found to correlate with the size of the stimulus molecule. This(More)
Membranes prepared from the olfactory mucosa of the rat show a high level of adenylate cyclase activity. The activity increases up to 2-fold in the presence of physiologically relevant concentrations of odorants and is inhibited by Ca2+. The level of cyclase activity found is sufficient to explain the speed of olfactory transduction, which occurs on a time(More)
The tobacco alkaloid (S)(−)-nicotine, when applied as a vapour to an in vitro head preparation, stimulates the olfactory epithelium in three strains of rats and to a lesser extent in two strains of mice. The electro-olfactogram (EOG) generated by nicotine has similar characteristics to the EOGs produced by known odorants. The nicotine EOG increases with(More)
We have measured the electro-olfactogram produced by four odorants, nicotine, i-pentyl acetate, i-pentanoic acid and cineole from twelve positions on an in vitro preparation of rat olfactory tissue. Each odorant shows a different pattern of response over the twelve positions which can be explained by differences in olfactory receptor populations between(More)
1. A rat olfactory preparation, suitable for biochemical studies in vitro on olfactory mechanisms, is described. 2. The effects of the impermeant chemical modification reagents mersalyl (a thiol reagent) and enzymatic iodination, on the amplitude of the electroolfactogram (EOG) responses elicited from rat olfactory mucosa by pulses of odorant vapours was(More)
In the first session, two groups of male and female subjects were given a stressful task involving the completion of eleven WAIS block patterns under time limitations. A low intensity of a neutral odour (TUA) was present for half of the subjects. During a second session several days later, subjects completed a mood rating scale and then entered a room,(More)