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Exercise training elevates arterial compliance at rest, but the effects of acute exercise in this regard are unknown. This study investigated the effects of a single, 30-min bout of cycling exercise at 65% of maximal oxygen consumption on indexes of arterial compliance. Whole body arterial compliance determined noninvasively from simultaneous measurements(More)
BACKGROUND Although heart rate variability (HRV) at 0.1 Hz has been proposed as a noninvasive clinical measure of cardiac sympathetic nerve firing, this premise has not been sufficiently validated by comparison with techniques such as microneurography and the measurement of norepinephrine spillover from the heart that more directly reflect presynaptic(More)
Alterations in monoaminergic neurotransmission in the brain are thought to underlie seasonal variations in mood, behaviour, and affective disorders. We took blood samples from internal jugular veins in 101 healthy men, to assess the relation between concentration of serotonin metabolite in these samples and weather conditions and season. We showed that(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether nontrained vascular beds might contribute to the beneficial effects of exercise, including reduced blood pressure by enhanced nitric oxide production. Thirteen healthy, sedentary male volunteers performed 4 wk of normal sedentary activity and 4 wk of cycle training in a randomized order. At the end of each(More)
OBJECTIVE Traditional risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD) fail to adequately distinguish patients who have atherosclerotic plaques susceptible to instability from those who have more benign forms. Using plasma lipid profiling, this study aimed to provide insight into disease pathogenesis and evaluate the potential of lipid profiles to assess risk(More)
The kinin peptide system in humans is complex. Whereas plasma kallikrein generates bradykinin peptides, glandular kallikrein generates kallidin peptides. Moreover, a proportion of kinin peptides is hydroxylated on proline(3) of the bradykinin sequence. We established HPLC-based radioimmunoassays for nonhydroxylated and hydroxylated bradykinin and kallidin(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of hypertension with diuretics, beta-blockers, or both leads to improved outcomes. It has been postulated that agents that inhibit the renin-angiotensin system confer benefit beyond the reduction of blood pressure alone. We compared the outcomes in older subjects with hypertension who were treated with angiotensin-converting-enzyme(More)
The analysis of plasma kinetics of the sympathetic neurotransmitter norepinephrine can be used to estimate sympathetic nervous "activity" (integrated nerve firing rate) for the body as a whole and for individual organs. In 12 patients with cardiac failure (left ventricular ejection fraction 10% to 39%), the mean arterial plasma norepinephrine concentration(More)
KEY WORDS • norepinephrine kinetics • catecholamines • sympathetic nervous system hypertension • heart failure • cirrhosis S INCE the sympathetic nervous system has such a central place in homeostasis in general, and in circulatory adaptation in particular, it is paradoxical that so little is known about the possible contribution of disturbed sympathetic(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare risk factors for cardiovascular disease in pet owners and non-owners. DESIGN AND PATIENTS Accepted risk factors for cardiovascular disease were measured in 5741 participants attending a free, screening clinic at the Baker Medical Research Institute in Melbourne. Blood pressure, plasma cholesterol and triglyceride values were compared(More)