Garry L Corthals

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Proteome analysis is most commonly accomplished by a combination of two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2DE) to separate and visualize proteins and mass spectrometry (MS) for protein identification. Although this technique is powerful, mature, and sensitive, questions remain concerning its ability to characterize all of the elements of a proteome. In the(More)
Growth factor regulation of the cortical actin cytoskeleton is fundamental to a wide variety of cellular processes. The cortical actin-associated protein, cortactin, regulates the formation of dynamic actin networks via the actin-related protein (Arp)2/3 complex and hence is a key mediator of such responses. In order to reveal novel roles for this versatile(More)
The diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common form of dementia in the general population, usually relies upon the presence of typical clinical features and structural changes on brain magnetic resonance imaging. Over the last decade, a number of biological abnormalities have been reported in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of AD patients, in(More)
Major histocompatibility class II (MHC-II) molecules are transmembrane proteins that have a central role in development and control of the immune system. They are encoded by a multi-gene family and their expression is tightly regulated. MHC-II deficiency (OMIM 209920) is an autosomal recessive immunodeficiency syndrome resulting from defects in trans-acting(More)
Early diagnosis and immediate therapeutic interventions are crucial factors to reduce the damage extent and the risk of death. Currently, the diagnosis of stroke relies on neurological assessment of the patient and neuro-imaging techniques including computed tomography and/or magnetic resonance imaging scan. An early diagnostic marker of stroke, ideally(More)
Proteomic research, for its part, is benefiting enormously from the last decade of genomic research as we now have archived, annotated and audited sequence databases to correlate and query experimental data. While the two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) gels are still a central part of proteomics, we reflect on the possibilities and realities of the(More)
The protein kinase Akt mediates several metabolic and mitogenic effects of insulin, whereas activation of protein kinase C (PKC) isoforms has been implicated in the inhibition of insulin action. We have previously shown that both PKC and PKCepsilon are activated in skeletal muscle of insulin-resistant high fat-fed rats, and to identify potential substrates(More)
MALDI mass spectrometry is able to acquire protein profiles directly from tissue that can describe the levels of hundreds of distinct proteins. MALDI imaging MS can simultaneously reveal how each of these proteins varies in heterogeneous tissues. Numerous studies have now demonstrated how MALDI imaging MS can generate different protein profiles from the(More)
The Golgi complex is in the crossroad of the endocytic and secretory pathways. Its function is to post-translationally modify and sort proteins and lipids, and regulate the membrane balance in the cell. To understand the structure-function relationship of the Golgi complex the Golgi proteome has to be identified first. We have used a direct organelle(More)
Endothelial cells release nitric oxide (NO) acutely in response to increased laminar fluid shear stress, and the increase is correlated with enhanced phosphorylation of endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (eNOS). Phosphoamino acid analysis of eNOS from bovine aortic endothelial cells labeled with [(32)P]orthophosphate demonstrated that only phosphoserine was(More)