Garrett O Lawlor

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The role of cytomegalovirus (CMV) in exacerbations of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remains a topic of ongoing debate. Current data are conflicting as to whether CMV worsens inflammation in those with severe colitis, or is merely a surrogate marker for severe disease. The interpretation of existing results is limited by mostly small, retrospective(More)
INTRODUCTION Current guidelines endorse surveillance colonoscopy at 3 to 5 years following initial detection of neoplasia. However, individual patients' risks may vary according to age and gender. This study aimed to characterize neoplasia recurrence in a large patient cohort undergoing surveillance colonoscopy. METHODS All patients undergoing two(More)
BACKGROUND Positron emission tomography (PET) is a nuclear imaging technique providing noninvasive, three-dimensional, whole-body, quantitative images. The primary use of PET is in tumor detection and staging. More recently, it has been shown to be of value in assessing patients with inflammatory processes. To date the role of PET in the management of(More)
INTRODUCTION We have previously reported that Myeov (MYEloma OVerexpressed gene) expression is enhanced in colorectal cancer (CRC) and that it promotes CRC cell proliferation and invasion. The role of Myeov in CRC migration is unclear. ProstaglandinE2 (PGE 2) is a known factor in promoting CRC carcinogenesis. The role of PGE 2 in modulating Myeov expression(More)
Purinergic signaling and associated ectonucleotidases, such as CD39 and CD73, have been implicated in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). CD39 is known to be a Treg memory cell marker, and here we determine the phenotype and function of CD73(+) CD4(+) T lymphocytes in patients with IBD. We describe elevated levels of CD73(+) CD4(+) T(More)
Mesalamine extended-release capsules (Apriso [Salix Pharmaceuticals, Raleigh, NC, USA]) are the first once-daily mesalamine preparation approved by the US FDA for the maintenance of remission of ulcerative colitis (UC). Each mesalamine extended-release capsule contains granules of a mesalamine-polymer matrix that are coated with a pH-sensitive resin. This(More)
INTRODUCTION Acute kidney injury (AKI) after cardiac surgery increases length of hospital stay and in-hospital mortality. A significant number of patients undergoing cardiac surgical procedures require perioperative intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) support. Use of an IABP has been linked to an increased incidence of perioperative renal dysfunction and(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Mucosal healing, based on histologic analysis, is an end point of maintenance therapy for patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). There are few data on how histologic signs of inflammation correlate with endoscopic and peripheral blood measures of inflammation in these patients. We investigated patterns of histologic features of(More)
Recent whole genome analysis and follow-up studies have identified many new risk variants for coeliac disease (CD, gluten intolerance). The majority of newly associated regions encode candidate genes with a clear functional role in T-cell regulation. Furthermore, the newly discovered risk loci, together with the well established HLA locus, account for less(More)
BACKGROUND The similar presentations in relapse of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and enteric infection pose substantial barriers to diagnosis and treatment. The objective of this study was to investigate the incidence, etiology, predictors, and treatment of enteric infection in patients with IBD. METHODS We reviewed the records of 214 patients with IBD(More)